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Asunto:RE: [debunker] Maxwell's Equations and Special Relativity Theory 3
Fecha:Domingo, 4 de Noviembre, 2001  18:06:08 (-0500)
Autor:illu minati <illu03 @.......com>

Maxwell's Equations and Special Relativity Theory 3
Faster than Light?
 There is a new crop of experimental evidence favoring superluminal
velocities. Radio waves have been reported to travel faster than "c,"
at least initially, in the laboratory.(30) However, this result has been
challenged as experimental error.(31) Velocities of up to "lOc" transverse
to line of site have been reported by astronomers. More evidence has
surfaced that the speed of light is not "c" in deep space, based on data
from the Pioneer 10 and 11 satellites.(32)
Recently, physicists at Princeton made an announcement indicating that
they have broken the light barrier.(33) One researcher was quoted as saying:
"Our experiment does show that the generally held misconception that
‘nothing can travel faster than the speed of light’ is wrong." However,
their results have been challenged as experimental error due to anomalous
dispersion. (Recall that non-TEM transmission modes in waveguide or in optical
fibers are subject to dispersion, even when the medium is lossless. This
spreads out an energy pulse, giving the illusion of increased speed at the
leading edge.)
Another heresy to modern physics is the dissident assumption that gravity
must act instantaneously (more than 10^8c) in order to explain the motions
of the heavens.(34) If gravity propagated (slowly) at "c," the effects of
aberration would cause the Earth’s orbital energy to increase, and spiral
slowly outward. NASA is said to use an instantaneous velocity for the speed
of gravity in its calculations.


"Recreational Mathematics" and Its Impact to Physics I have
witnessed dissident protests in the classroom (see
IE No. 33, pp. 8-9). No doubt the politics of Einstein’s Relativity have
contributed to the malaise within the physics community. In a recent
editorial,35 a noted Emeritus professor of physics discussed the
situation with regard to students leaving academia for more
challenging work in industry. He goes on to say: "We are
experiencing a serious brain drain in physics. . .those who are leaving
are in many cases the cream of the crop. I hear this again and again
from many different mentors. I find many of those hired for permanent
jobs in physics [academia] to be among the least creative. . .my
impression is that [industryl is doing a better job in pinpointing
creativity. . [Our profession] believes that there are no more scientific
revolutions possible. . .We must not let The End of Science become a
self-fulfilling prophecy. The best way to prevent the end of science is to
provide opportunity in abundance for the most creative and original
of our young people. This is not happening. But it needs to."
The mavericks have often made the point that, once cut loose from
the constraints of experiment, modern physics has drifted into the
realm of abstract, untestable mathematics. G.H. Hardy would have
been very pleased. Quoting Beckmann: "Mathematics is perfectly
free and unfettered by experimental observation to define its axioms
from which it deduces their consequences; physics, if it is to
understand the real world, must build on the two primitive and
undefinable pillars [space and time]. It must not tamper with them in
order to accommodate higher concepts. It must not redefine the
unthinkable; more particularly, it must not make the primitive pillars
observer-dependent."

References

1.Essen, L. 1988. "Relativity: Joke or Swindle?" Electronics &
Wireless World, 94, 1624, 126-127.

2.Kuhn, T.S. 1962. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions,
Univ. of Chicago Press, 2nd ed. 1970, 66-110.

3.Maxwell, J.C. 1864. A Treatise on Electricity and
Magnetism, 3rd ed. December 1891, Dover Publications,
New York, reprinted 1954.

4.Einstein, A. 1905. "Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Korper,"

Ann. d. Phys., 17, 891.

5. Goodstein, D.L. 1986. "The Michelson-Morley
Experiment," The Mechanical Universe Video Series.
 
6. Newton, Sir Isaac 1687. The Principia, Book 1 Corollary V,
Prometheus Books, New York, reprinted 1995.

7. Ferrigno, A. 2001. "Is Einstein’s Light Postulate a ‘Law of
Nature’?" Galilean Electrodynamics, 12, 1, 3-10.

8. Phipps Jr., T.E. 1986. Heretical Verities: Mathematical
Themes in Physical Description, Classic non-fiction Library,
Urbana, Illinois.

9. Weinstein, D.H. 1971. Nature, 232, 548.

10.Phipps Jr., T.E. 1973. "Experiment on Relativistic
Rigidity of a Rotating Disk," NOLTR 73-9, April 30.

11.Phipps Jr., T.E. 1974. Lettere a! Nuovo Cimento, 9, 467.

12.Mocanu, C.I. 1991. "The Paradox of Thomas Rotation,"
Galilean Electrodynamics, 2, 4, 67-74.

13.Ehrenfest, P. 1909. Phys. Zeits., 10, 918.

14.Lorentz, H.A. 1915. The Theory of Electrons, 2nd ed.,
Dover Publications, New York, reprinted 1952.

15.Beckmann, P. 1987. Einstein Plus Two, Golem Press,
Boulder, Colorado.

16.Brace, D.B. 1904. Phil. Mag., 6, 317.

 

17.Trouton, F.T. and Rankine, A.O. 1908. Proc. Roy. Soc.,
  80, 420.

18.Wood, A.B., Tomlinson, G.A., and Essen, L. 1937. Proc.
Roy. Soc., 158, 606.

19.Renshaw, C. 1999. "Space Interferometry Mission as a
test of Lorentz Length Contraction," Proc. IEEE Aerospace
Conf., 4, pp. 15-24.

20.Hayden, H.C. 1991. "Yes, Moving Clocks Run Slowly, but
is Time Dilated?" Galilean Electrodynamics, 2, 4, 63-66.

21.Renshaw, C. 1996. "Moving Clocks, Reference Frames, and the
Twin Paradox," IEEE Aerospace and Electronics Sys. Mag., 11, 1, 27-3 1.

22.Frisch, D.H. and Smith, J.H. 1963. "Measurement of the
Relativistic Time Dilation Using p.-mesons," Am. I. Phys., 31, 342-
355.

23.Bailey, J. et a!. 1977. "Measurements of Relativistic Time
Dilation for Positive and Negative muons in Circular Orbit," Nature,
268, 301-305.

24.Häfele, J.C. and Keating, R.E. 1972. "Around-the-world
Atomic Clock: Predicted Relativistic Time Gains," Science, 177,
166-167.

25.Häfele, J.C. and Keating, R.E. 1972. "Around-the-world
Atomic Clock: Measured Relativistic Time Gains," Science, 177,
168-170.

26.Jackson, J.D. 1999. Classical Electrodynamics, 3rd ed., Wiley &
Sons, New York, 246-248.

27.Jefimenko, O.D. 1997. Electromagnetic Retardation and Theory of
Relativity, Electret Scientific Co., Star City, West Virginia, Chapter 10.

28.Michelson, A.A. 1913. "Effect of Reflection from a Moving Mirror
on the Velocity of Light," Astrophys. J., 37, 190-193.

29. Van Flandern, T. 1993. Dark Matter, Missing Planets, and New
  Comets, North Atlantic Books, Berkeley, California, 128.

30.Ishii, T.K. and Giakos, G.C. 1991. "Transmit Radio Messages Faster
 than Light," Microwaves & RF, 30, August, 114-1 19.

31.Adamski, M.E. et al. 1994. "How Fast Can Radio Messages be
Transmitted?" IEEE Antennas and Prop. Mag., 36, 4, August, 94-96.

32. Renshaw, C. 1999. "Explanation of the Anomalous Doppler
Observations in Pioneer 10 and 11," Proc. IEEE Aerospace Conf., 2,
pp. 59-63.

33.Wang, L., Kuzmich, A., and Dogariu, A. 2000. "Light Can Break
Its Own Speed Limit," Nature, July 20.

34.Van Flandern, T. 1993. "On the Speed of Gravity," Galilean
Electrodynamics, 4, 2, 35-37.

35.Anderson, P.W. 1999. "Reference Frame: Why Do They Leave
Physics?" Phys. Today Mag., September, 11.

end......



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