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Asunto:[LEA-Venezuela] TrastorDigest 23-06-2001 NOTICIAS AMBIENTALISTAS INTERNACIONALES
Fecha:Sabado, 23 de Junio, 2001  23:51:25 (-0400)
Autor:INTERFAZ AMAZONICA <interfaz @.....net>

TrastorDigest de noticias ambientalistas internacionales

# Preparado especialmente para la Lista de Ecologia
y Ambientalismo de Venezuela, lea@... #
# http://www.elistas.net/foro/lea #

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NOTICIAS AMBIENTALISTAS INTERNACIONALES
23 de Junio de 2001



1)Proyecto Antamina encara protestas ambientales
El gobierno peruano pronto se encontrara con representantes de los
habitantes de Huarmey para discutir  el proyecto minero Antamina, el cual
esta encarando protestas ambientales. Antamina demandara inversiones de
US$2.3 miles de millones. El gobierno teme que en caso del proyecto ser
impedido, Peru perdera inversiones en el futuro. Antamina ha construido una
planta de tratamiento de aguas para tratar contaminates.



2) Canada: Miramar intenta retornar la Mina Gigante al finalizar este año--
El tonelaje incrementado de Con se aniticipa que mantendra la produccion de
oro a los niveles predichos(x) MAE - TSE MAENF-OTC Bulletin Board
Miramar Mining Corporation anuncio al Departamento Indigena y del Desarrollo
del Norte ("DIAND" del Gobierno federal Canadiense y a Norterhn Development
que regresara la Mina Gigante a DIAND el 14 de Diciembre de 2001 como es
permitido por el acuerdo donde Miramar adquirio la Mina Gigante de DIAND en
1999. El acuerdo tambien provee a Miramar de una indemnizacion de DIAND
contra las deudas ambientales pre-existentes en la Mina Gigante.



3) Chavez critica Acuerdo de Libre Comercio
El presidente venezolano Hugo Chavez abrio la cumbre de las naciones andinas
el sabado criticando el Tratado de Libre Comercio de Las Americas 2005 como
un arreglo chimbo para la emprobecida region.



4) Lideres del Mercosur acuerdan tarifa
Lideres del bloque de comercio Mercosur se comprometieron durante una cumbre
de un dia a fortalecer la integracion economica, bajar los impuestos
regionales de comercio y expandir las ataduras comerciales con el resto del
emisferio.



5) Venezuela, EE.UU. dijo: conversaciones acerca de energia.
El Presidente Hugo Chavez ha ordenado a expertos petroleros a trabajar con
la administracion de Bush en suplir crudo a los EE.UU.



6)Puede la sobre confianza que tiene el Gobierno en la tecnologia de mapeo
GIS sacar el 'servicio' de los servicios publicos?
Mas y mas gobiernos locales y estatales estan usando una tecnologia de mapeo
basada en computadoras llamada Sistema de Informacion Geografico (GIS). GIS
crea mapas digitales coloridos que pueden ilustrar las circunstancias
sociales, politicas o economicas de un estado o region. Pero un investigador
del Departamento de Gobierno y Servicios Publicos de la Universidad de
Alabama en Birmingham (UAB) advierte que los hacedores de politicas estan
confiando demasiada pesadamente en los expertos tecnicos de GIS para
interpretar esos mapas y tomar decisiones politicas en todo desde
redistritar y reaporcionar hasta el transporte.



7) Seguridad de los productos LEE KUM KEE (LKK) confirmada por cuerpos
externos
El gobierno de Hong Kong dice que los productos LKK son seguros; La FSA del
Reino Unido publico la correcion de que 'ninguno de los productos probados
poseyo ningun interes de seguridad'



8)Noticia de Smog Watch en Canada
El Minsiterio del Ambiente dictamino hoy una Smog Watch de tres dias como
parte de la iniciativa Calidad de Aire Ontario para preveer mejor
informacion al publico cuando grandes condiciones de Smog sean esperadas. Un
smog watch es dictaminado cuando hay por lo menos un 50 porciento de
probabilidad que las condiciones de Smog ocurriran dentro de tres dias.
El Smog esta hecho de oozono a nivel del suelo y particulas finas de otros
contaminantes. El Ozono es creado cuando los dioxidos de nitrogeno
(subproductos de la combustion) y compuestos organicos volatiles (VOCs - los
solventes en las pinturas, thinners y combustibles) se combinan en la
presencia de luz solar. Sin embargo hay acciones que podemos tomar para
proteger nosotros mismos y evitar altos niveles de Smog:
    -    restringir el uso de equipo energizado por gas;
    -    evitar el uso de pinturas a base de aceite, solventes y
limpiadores;
    -    usar los transportes publicos o ir varios compañeros de trabajo
juntos en un solo carro a trabajar;
    -    teleconferencias en vez de viajar a las reuniones;
    -    apagar su vehiculo para evitar periodos prolongados de dejar el
carro encendido sin rodar;
    -    rellenar el tanque de su vehiculo en las horas mas frias del dia;
    -    dejar el cortar el cesped para otro dia
    -    bajar el nivel del aire acondicionado
    -    reducir el consumo de electricidad
    -    evitar el uso de su parrillera de carne.
Si quiere aprender mas acerca de los pronosticos de la calidad del aire:
www.airqualityontario.com



9)Puerto Rico: Jackson denuncia el bombardeo de Vieques
El reverendo Jesse Jackson denuncio el bombardeo de la marina de EE.UU. en
su preciado rango de tiro de Vieques como un arrogante acto de un
colonizador, y el trato de contener a los que protestan como un esfuerzo
para romper su espiritu.



10)Los que protestan impiden el bombardeo de Vieques
En una colina 500 pies sobre el caribe, marinos y tecnicos revisan la isla
mas abajo usando binoculares y telescopios para en busqueda de los que
protestan quienes claman  que han estado impidiendo que hagan los
bombardeos.
En la red:
Sitio de la marina de los EE.UU., http://www.navyvieques.navy.mil
Sito Anti-Marina de EE.UU., http://www.viequeslibre.org



11)  El lider de las granjas de EE.UU. retira el apoyo para Carta de
Comercio
La cabeza del Comite de Agricultura de la Casa de losa Representativos de
EE.UU. dijo el viernes que el no co-patrocinara mas nunca la Autoridad de
Promocion de Negocios desesperadamente deseada por el presidente Bush
despues que la administracion determino que mas de US$ 10 mil millones en
subsidios a granjas ha distorcionado el comercio.






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1)Peru: Antamina project faces environmental protests
(Peru: Antamina project faces environmental protests)

Story Filed: Friday, June 22, 2001 2:55 PM EST

Peru, Jun 20, 2001 (Gestion/SABI via COMTEX) -- The Peruvian government will
soon meet with the Huarmey inhabitants' representatives to discuss the
Antamina mining project, which is facing local environmental protests.
Antamina will demand investments of US$2.3bil. The government fears that in
case the project is hindered, Peru will lose investments in the future.
Antamina has built a water treatment plant to deal with pollutants.

Copyright (c) 2001, South American Business Information, All rights
reserved.
INDUSTRY KEYWORD: Mining & Extractive Industries
EVENT: Environmental Management
Copyright © 2001, SABI, all rights reserved

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2) Canada: Miramar intenta retornar la Mina Gigante al finalizar este año--
El tonelaje incrementado de Con se aniticipa que mantendra la produccion de
oro a los niveles predichos(x) MAE - TSE MAENF-OTC Bulletin Board
(Miramar Intends to Return Giant Mine at Year-end -- Increased tonnage from
Con is anticipated to maintain gold production at forecast levels(x) MAE -
TSE MAENF-OTC Bulletin Board)

Story Filed: Friday, June 22, 2001 3:00 PM EST

VANCOUVER, Jun 22, 2001 (Canada NewsWire via COMTEX) -- Miramar Mining
Corporation announced today that it has notified the Canadian Federal
Government's Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development ("DIAND")
that it will return the Giant Mine to DIAND on December 14, 2001 as
permitted by the agreement whereby Miramar acquired the Giant Mine from
DIAND in 1999. This agreement also provided Miramar an indemnity from DIAND
against the pre-existing environmental liability at the Giant Mine

The Giant Mine was acquired to supplement production from the Con Mine until
additional reserves were accessed in the Con Mine. Those additional reserves
are now available and will replace tonnage from the Giant Mine(x). "Over the
last year and a half the Giant Mine has made a positive contribution to our
Yellowknife operations, however, we believe that we will have largely
exhausted the economic ore at the mine by the end of this year," said
Miramar's President and CEO, Tony Walsh. "We will continue to have
discussions with DIAND respecting our operating the mine beyond December
2001, but do not expect that a continuation of operations is likely unless
significant cost savings can be achieved(x)."

Miramar's mining operations at Giant were confined to the Supercrest Zone,
with ore trucked to the Con Mine for processing. Miramar examined the
potential of other higher-grade areas to provide additional ore but did not
establish ore sufficient to extend the life of the mine at current gold
prices.

Miramar expects 2001 gold production from its Yellowknife operations to be
approximately 125,000 oz of gold(x). Cash costs are forecast at
approximately US$260 per ounce(x). The production outlook, for the balance
of 2001, remains on track to achieve these targets(x). Production levels are
anticipated to be similar in 2002, with cash costs falling to under US$250
per oz(x).

Independent engineering consultants, Fluor Daniel Wright, have implemented
the accelerated arsenic treatment plan to process all of the Con arsenic
wastes within approximately a two year period(x). This approach should
result in the elimination of the environmental liability associated with
these arsenic wastes much earlier than planned for little incremental cost
difference. In conjunction with this accelerated treatment of arsenic waste,
Miramar is reviewing opportunities to enhance short-term cash flow
opportunities from the Con and Giant operations(x).

(x) Forward Looking Statements

This News Release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of
the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995
concerning the Company's plans for the operation of the Con and Giant Mines
and projected production and cost information. These forward-looking
statements are subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties which could
cause actual events or results to differ materially from those reflected in
the forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, risks and
uncertainties relating to fluctuating precious and base metals prices;
uncertainties in interpreting drilling and other test results; uncertainty
as to the actual ore grade and recovery rates; accidents, equipment
breakdowns, labour disputes and severance costs or other unanticipated
difficulties with or interruptions in production possible problems with the
arsenic waste processing program; the possibility of unexpected costs and
expenses relating to environmental issues; uncertainties relating to the
need for government approvals and the cooperation of government agencies in
regards to the environmental liabilities of the Giant mine and other risks
and uncertainties, including those described in the Company's Annual Report
for the year ended December 31, 2000, and on Form 20-F for the year ended
December 31, 2000 and Reports on Form 6-K filed with the Securities and
Exchange Commission.

This news release has been authorized by the undersigned on behalf of
Miramar Mining Corporation.

CONTACT:          For further information: Tony Walsh, President & CEO Or
Brian Labadie,
                  Senior Vice President, Operations, Miramar Mining
Corporation, Tel:
                  (604) 985-2572, Fax: (604) 980-0731, Toll Free:
1-800-663-8780, Email:
                  info(at)miramarmining.com
News release via Canada NewsWire, Vancouver 604-669-7764

Copyright (C) 2001 CNW, All rights reserved
KEYWORD:          VANCOUVER
INDUSTRY KEYWORD: MNG
                  OTC
Copyright © 2001, Canada Newswire, all rights reserved.



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3) Chavez critica Acuerdo de Libre Comercio
(Chavez Criticizes Free Trade Deal)

Story Filed: Saturday, June 23, 2001 3:28 PM EDT



VALENCIA, Venezuela (AP) -- Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez opened a summit
of Andean nations Saturday by criticizing the proposed 2005 Free Trade
Agreement of the Americas as a quick fix for the impoverished region.

A proposal by President Bush and other Western Hemisphere leaders for a free
trade pact that would expand the North American Free Trade Agreement to
include Central and South America has won support from some Andean heads of
state.

But Chavez warned that unless poor South American nations unite before
joining the FTAA, they risk opening the door to multinational giants that
will wipe out struggling local businesses and eliminate jobs.

``I think we need to revise the integration process. Is neoliberalism the
way to integrate? In Venezuela, we don't think so,'' Chavez said at the
opening of the weekend summit in Valencia, Venezuela.

The leftist Chavez is convinced that the Andean Community of Venezuela,
Bolivia, Peru, Colombia and Ecuador can gain negotiating muscle by putting
their own regional economic integration ahead of the FTAA.

But other leaders, including Colombian President Andres Pastrana and
Bolivian President Hugo Banzer, said Saturday free trade from Canada to
Chile could help spur economic growth in the region and create jobs.

The Andean leaders agreed, however, that something must be done to eliminate
the poverty that affects more than half the region's 113 million
inhabitants. About 23 million people live in ``extreme poverty,'' defined by
the World Bank as living on less than a dollar a day.

``The Andean Community is much more than import tariffs and trade. It is the
anguish, dreams and hopes'' of its people, Pastrana said.

The Andean leaders also were discussing the establishment of common tariffs,
ways to fight illegal drugs, border security, political unrest and rebel
insurgencies.

The summit will close with a military parade honoring Simon Bolivar, the
Venezuelan general who campaigned in Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Ecuador
in pursuit of a single entity called Gran Colombia.

Chavez trumpets Third World unity to confront a ``unipolar'' world dominated
by the United States. But his fiery rhetoric has alienated fellow Andean
leaders.

Pastrana and Chavez have met several times this year to resolve diplomatic
spats over the Venezuelan leader's neutrality toward Colombia's Marxist
rebels.

In December, Chavez's attempt to organize an Andean presidential summit to
commemorate the 170th anniversary of Bolivar's death fizzled amid reports
that he supported insurgent groups in Bolivia and generals who staged a coup
in Ecuador.

Chavez denied the charges and, this time, is determined that the Andean
summit will shine.

He invited other countries to participate in the military parade that will
feature troops from the Amazon jungle marching with Macaw parrots on their
shoulders and snakes wrapped around automatic rifles.

``We're the same people. Latin America is one bloc. That's what I think and
that's what I think we all think,'' said Maj. Gerardo Villanueva, as he
organized the festivities amid screeching parrots and other officers barking
orders.

Also attending were Ecuador's President Gustavo Noboa and Peruvian Foreign
Minister Javier Perez de Cuellar.

Copyright © 2001 Associated Press Information Services, all rights reserved.


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4) Lideres del Mercosur acuerdan tarifa
(Mercosur Leaders Agree on Tariff)

Story Filed: Saturday, June 23, 2001 2:19 AM EDT

ASUNCION, Paraguay (AP) -- Leaders from the Mercosur trade bloc pledged
during a one-day summit to strengthen their economic integration, lower
regional trade tariffs and expand commercial ties with the rest of the
hemisphere.

Friday's meeting came just days after a sag in regional financial markets as
Argentina's economy minister, Domingo Cavallo, sought to pull his country
out of a three-year recession.

Several leaders in the trade bloc expressed concerns over Cavallo's decision
to introduce a special exchange rate for Argentine exporters, the latest in
a series of disputes affecting Mercosur in recent months.

Still, the presidents of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay stressed
their continued commitment to integration, noting in a statement that in 10
years it has ``consolidated itself as a vital instrument to promote
democracy, economic development and social equality in the region.''

Associate members Bolivia and Chile also voiced their support to strengthen
their economic ties to Mercosur, the world's third-largest trade grouping
with more than 200 million people and economies totaling $1 trillion.

Leaders also agreed to move toward reducing Mercosur's common external
tariff, which slaps import taxes on goods produced outside the region.
Norberto Ianelli, an Argentine trade official, said the average tariff would
be slashed from 13.5 percent to 12.5 percent in January.

Mercosur leaders also reiterated their support for a hemisphere-wide
free-trade accord set to be completed by January 2005. The presidents also
stressed their hopes for progress in trade talks with European Union
officials, slated for July.

Attending the summit were Presidents Fernando de la Rua of Argentina,
Fernando Henrique Cardoso of Brazil, Luis Gonzalez Macchi of Paraguay and
Jorge Batlle of Uruguay. Neighbors Chile and Bolivia were represented by
Ricardo Lagos and Hugo Banzer, respectively.

Also taking part as special guests were Joaquim Chissano of Mozambique and
Hugo Chavez of Venezuela.

Copyright © 2001 Associated Press Information Services, all rights reserved



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5) Venezuela, EE.UU. dijo conversaciones acerca de energia.
(Venezuela, U.S. Said in Energy Talks)

Story Filed: Saturday, June 23, 2001 11:14 AM EDT

CARACAS, Venezuela (AP)-- President Hugo Chavez has ordered a team of oil
experts to work with the Bush administration on supplying crude to the
United States.

Venezuela's ambassador to Washington, Ignacio Arcaya, said the team will
consist of officials from the state oil monopoly Petroleos de Venezuela S.A.
its Citgo Petroleum Corp. subsidiary and the energy ministry.

``We are talking about creating a binational team'' that could involve Vice
President Dick Cheney's office and the U.S. Energy Department, Arcaya said
in Friday's editions of El Nacional newspaper.

Venezuela, a member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, is
one of the leading suppliers of crude to the United States.

Copyright © 2001 Associated Press Information Services, all rights reserved



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6)Puede la sobre confianza que tiene el Gobierno en la tecnologia de mapeo
GIS sacar el 'servicio' de los servicios publicos?
(Can Government Overreliance on GIS Mapping Technology Take the 'Service'
Out of Public Service?)

Story Filed: Friday, June 22, 2001 10:39 PM EST

BIRMINGHAM, Ala., Jun 22, 2001 (ASCRIBE NEWS via COMTEX) -- More and more
state and local governments are using a computer-based mapping technology
called Geographic Information System, (GIS). GIS creates colorful, digital
maps that can illustrate a state or region's social, political or economic
circumstances. But one researcher in the University of Alabama at Birmingham
(UAB) Department of Government and Public Service warns that policy makers
are now relying too heavily on GIS technical experts to interpret those maps
and make political decisions on everything from redistricting and
reapportionment to transportation.

The problem, said UAB assistant professor Akhlaque Haque, Ph.D., in the
May/June issue of Public Administration Review, is that these technical expe
rts or "technocrats" haven't been trained to read and interpret the maps.
Nor are they trained to consider the effect their conclusions, based on GIS
data, can have on public service. Therefore an over reliance on
"technocrats" to make political decisions could threaten democratic
decision-making and lead to policy decisions that miss the mark.

Policy makers and politicians use GIS technology to settle reapportionment
and redistricting issues. GIS is also used to identify "needy" neighborhoods
that qualify for government funding and for estate management, crime
analysis, transportation planning and environmental protection. Most
recently, GIS was employed to settle a boundary dispute that had lasted more
than 160 years between New York and New Jersey over the ownership of Ellis
Island. GIS helped New Jersey to win the island.

Although GIS provides fast access to data, and thus, greater efficiency in
policy implementation, GIS can only utilize certain kinds of data, says
Haque -- a fact many bureaucrats have failed to understand. And, as a
result, some local and state governments across the nation have faced legal
and financial problems due to GIS misuse.

"Most (technical experts) look to GIS to solve problems without realizing
the limitations of the technology," said Haque. "For example, availability
of spatial data -- data pertaining to geography and space -- is of limited
availability. Also, GIS can't take just any spatial data. The data must be
in a specific format. Such limitations are forcing GIS users to use whatever
data they can find that conforms to their GIS software, and thus, offer
one-sided solutions to a problem."

"Without having a good knowledge about reliable sources of data, most
politicians are at the mercy of the technocrats," said Haque. "Furthermore,
due to limitations that are beyond technocratic expertise, GIS users may be
forced to use data that's unreliable or not directly applicable to the
study. Even with good data and good intentions, limited knowledge about a
community's vital interest can be ignored. Therefore, today, because of
[this], democratic governance is at stake."

Haque proposes more training in map reading and interpretation for policy
makers through professional workshops and master's in public administration
programs at colleges and universities. Haque also said there must be a
greater awareness of how GIS use is linked to democratic decision making,
and technocrats should be limited in the decisions they are allowed to make
to minimize an abuse of their power. The article also examines how local
governments control the dissemination of GIS data.

A recent survey revealed widespread attempts by governments to limit
subsequent use of the data by third parties, like the business community
that wants information on individuals, households and property for customer
profiling. Most of this fear is due to concerns about violating the U.S.
Privacy Act, which enables individuals to prevent records collected for one
purpose from being used for another purpose without their consent.

Many local governments have even resorted to placing contractual and
licensing conditions on third-party use of GIS data. Because businesses can
find other means to obtain the information anyway, said Haque, governments
should disseminate whatever data they can that's legal so they can protect
privacy and avoid concentrating knowledge in the hands of a few technocrats.

((AScribe - The Public Interest Newswire / http://www.ascribe.org))
(C)1999-2001 Ascribe News - http://www.ascribe.org
Copyright © 2001, AScribe Newswire, all rights reserved.




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7) Seguridad de los productos LEE KUM KEE (LKK) confirmada por cuerpos
externos
(SAFETY OF LEE KUM KEE PRODUCTS CONFIRMED BY EXTERNAL BODIES)

Story Filed: Friday, June 22, 2001 9:35 PM EST

Hong Kong, Jun 22, 2001 (PR Newswire Europe via COMTEX) -- :: Hong Kong
government says LKK products are safe; UK's FSA issues correction that 'none
of the products sampled posed any safety concern'

In a statement issued to the industry following its initial announcement on
the results of testing of China sauces, the Food Standards Agency of the UK
has indicated that "None of the products sampled from major retail chains
posed any safety concern." This was issued within 24 hours of their initial
report.

In addition, the Hong Kong Government's Food and Environmental Hygiene
Department has indicated that their study was also conducted, and all Lee
Kum Kee products in Hong Kong comply with established food standards.

"This is a clear vindication of all Lee Kum Kee products, and confirms what
we have been saying: that Lee Kum Kee has taken the initiative to put in
place a number of procedures to meet or exceed compliance for all of our
products, and that we have been successful in our efforts to protect
consumer safety," Mr. Eddy Lee, chairman, Lee Kum Kee, stated publicly today
in a media briefing with major Hong Kong and regional journalists.

The FSA's deputy chairperson, Suzi Leather, issued an update on Thursday,
June 21, following the release of the agency's study the day before. In the
statement, the FSA stressed that there is no reason to avoid Chinese food.
The statement also indicated that none of the products sampled from any
major retail chains in the UK posed any safety concern. Lee Kum Kee products
are sold through a majority of these retail chains, and therefore are safe.

In a statement issued by Lee Kum Kee on June 19, the company stated that the
FSA samples did not reflect the true situation of its products in the
marketplace, nor did the study recognise the accomplishments of Lee Kum Kee
as a responsible global food manufacturer

"I can assure our loyal consumers that products meet or exceed the
regulatory standards in the markets in which they are sold. In fact, we have
also invested in our own advanced testing for these substances from raw
materials through to our finished products under formal recognition by the
Hong Kong Laboratory Accreditation Scheme, and our findings confirm the
effectiveness of our measures."

Established in 1888, Lee Kum Kee has evolved over decades of hard work,
perseverance and above all, dedication to excellence in product quality and
service, into a world-renowned international corporation. Today, the
company's distribution network spans over 80 countries in five continents.
Lee Kum Kee's products are found not only in kitchens and store shelves in
Hong Kong, but also in many other countries and cities in all corners of the
world. It is the company's vision to see that products reach every family
around the world, building a culinary cultural bridge between East and West.

Distributed on behalf of Lee Kum Kee by Ketchum Newscan. For further
information, please contact:

David Clarke Tel: (+852) 2566 1311
Ketchum Newscan Hong Kong email: david.clarke@...
Henry Chua Tel: (+852) 3141 8082
Ketchum Newscan Hong Kong email: henry.chua@...
Or
Meily Mei Fung Cheung Tel: (+852) 2660 3600
Public Relations & Admin. Manager
Lee Kum Kee
Hong Kong email: cm@...
Customer Enquiry Hotline (during office hours): (+852) 2660-0393
Lee Kum Kee (International) Limited
2-4 Dai Fat Street, Tai Po Industrial Estate, Tai Po, Hong Kong
Tel. +852 2660 3600 Fax. +852 2665 8005
http://www.LKK.com
Contact: David Clarke, +852-2566-1311, or david.clarke@... , or Henry
Chua, +852-3141-8082, or henry.chua@... , both of Ketchum Newscan,
Hong Kong, for Lee Kum Kee; or Meily Mei Fung Cheung, Public Relations &
Admin. Manager of Lee Kum Kee, +852-2660-3600, or cm@...
This press release is transmitted on behalf of Lee Kum Kee.

Copyright (c) 2001 PR Newswire Europe
Copyright © 2001, PR Newswire Europe, all rights reserved.




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8)Noticia de Smog Watch en Canada
(Notice of Smog Watch)

Story Filed: Saturday, June 23, 2001 1:02 PM EST

TORONTO, Jun 23, 2001 (Canada NewsWire via COMTEX) -- The Ministry of the
Environment today issued a three-day smog watch as part of the Air Quality
Ontario initiative to provide better information to the public when high
smog conditions are expected. A smog watch is issued when there is at least
a 50 per cent probability that smog conditions will occur within the next
three days.

The smog watch is in effect until June 26 in the following areas:

    Forecast Regions:
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------
    Brantford-Haldimand-Norfolk                Elgin
    Huron-Perth                                London-Middlesex-Oxford
    Sarnia-Lambton                             Windsor-Essex-Chatham-Kent
    Waterloo-Wellington-Dufferin
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------
Smog is made up of ground-level ozone, fine particles and other pollutants.
Ozone is created when nitrogen oxides (by-products of combustion) and
volatile organic compounds (VOCs - the solvents in paints, thinners and
fuels) combine in the presence of sunlight. There are, however, actions that
we can take to protect ourselves and avoid high smog levels:

    -    restrict the use of gas-powered equipment;
    -    avoid the use of oil-based paints, solvents and cleaners;
    -    take public transit or car pool to work;
    -    teleconference instead of traveling to meetings;
    -    turn off your vehicle to avoid prolonged periods of idling;
    -    refuel your vehicle during the cooler hours of the day;
    -    leave mowing the lawn for another day;
    -    turn down the air conditioning;
    -    reduce electricity consumption;
    -    avoid the use of your barbecue.
If you want to learn more about air quality forecasts and spare the air
actions, visit the ministry's air quality web site at:
www.airqualityontario.com

CONTACT:          For further information: Mark Rabbior, Ministry of the
Environment,
                  (416) 314-6084
News release via Canada NewsWire, Toronto 416-863-9350 -GPOE-

Copyright (C) 2001 CNW, All rights reserved
KEYWORD:          TORONTO
INDUSTRY KEYWORD: ENV
Copyright © 2001, Canada Newswire, all rights reserved.




------------------------------------------------------
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9)Puerto Rico: Jackson denuncia el bombardeo de Vieques
(Jackson Denounces Vieques Bombing)

Story Filed: Saturday, June 23, 2001 5:42 PM EDT

VIEQUES, Puerto Rico (AP) -- The Rev. Jesse Jackson denounced the Navy's
bombing of its prized Vieques firing range as the arrogant act of a
colonizer, and the treatment of detained protesters as an effort to break
their spirit.

Jackson said Saturday that he was lobbying Attorney General John Ashcroft
for a meeting to air complaints that the U.S. government is trying to
intimidate detainees, including his wife, Jacqueline, with excessive jail
terms, fines and cruel treatment.

``It's gratifying to be here on Vieques, in Puerto Rico, where the people
have met the challenge of those who try to break their spirit and have not
given up,'' Jackson said when he arrived for a day on the outlying island of
this Spanish-speaking U.S. Caribbean territory.

``To bomb Vieques is a colonial act,'' he said, and ``arrogant.''

The Jacksons are the latest celebrities to embroil themselves in protests to
force an immediate end to six decades of bombing exercises that activists
say have harmed the environment and islanders' health.

Jackson charged that the bombing ``has resulted in a high incidence of
cancer, in a high incidence of asthma.'' Later he visited the Lujar
neighborhood, said to have the highest cancer and asthma rates on Vieques.

The Navy says health studies on the island have been biased and
unscientific.

Decades of subdued resentment exploded into island-wide protests after two
stray bombs killed a civilian security guard on the range in 1999, which
forced the Navy to stop using live bombs.

Protesters have taken to invading Navy land to prevent sorties to drop inert
bombs of up to 1,000 pounds. More than 100 protesters were arrested in the
last exercises in April and May. Since exercises resumed Monday, at least 55
trespassers have been arrested, including Jacqueline Jackson.

Mrs. Jackson, 57, was jailed Tuesday when she refused to pay $3,000 bail. On
Thursday, her husband said, she was put into solitary confinement for
refusing to submit to a strip search.

A Federal Bureau of Prisons incidence report, supplied by the Jacksons'
Rainbow/Push Coalition, quotes a prison officer as saying Mrs. Jackson
stripped and complied until ``I asked her to bend over and spread her
buttocks. Inmate Jackson just stood facing me and told me 'No.' ``

Jackson had visited his wife Friday and tried again on his return Saturday
to San Juan, but said prison officials told him she refused, saying she did
not want privileges not afforded other inmates.

Protests have continued despite President Bush's announcement this month
that the Navy must withdraw from Vieques in two years.

Bush's decision was largely interpreted here as a move to win Latino votes
and avoid embarrassment if Vieques islanders reject the exercises at a
federally organized referendum scheduled for November. The referendum would
give residents the opportunity to vote for the Navy to remain and resume use
of live ammunition, or leave in 2003.

Puerto Rico's Gov. Sila Calderon is organizing a local referendum in July
that offers the additional option of voting for an immediate withdrawal of
the Navy, a position she reiterated Friday at her first meeting with U.S.
Navy Secretary Gordon England. England, who flew to San Juan unannounced,
repeated his position that the Navy was ready to withdraw, but only in 2003,
Calderon said.

Meanwhile, England has said the Navy will search for alternative sites,
though the Navy has repeatedly said there is none to match Vieques, where it
can practice amphibious landings and aerial and sea bombardments
simultaneously in an area unhampered by much commercial air and sea traffic.

Copyright © 2001 Associated Press Information Services, all rights reserved.




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10)Los que protestan impiden bombardeo de Vieques
(Protesters Thwart Vieques Bombing Runs)

Story Filed: Saturday, June 23, 2001 5:16 AM EDT

VIEQUES, Puerto Rico (AP) -- On a hilltop 500 feet above the Caribbean,
sailors and technicians scan the island below using binoculars and
telescopes to watch for protesters who claim they've been stopping bombing
runs.

Spotting them in the thick brush can be hard from the glass-enclosed tower.
Trespassing protesters interrupted bombing at least once this week, and Navy
officials said Friday that the protesters were making their job a bit more
difficult.

``It's a new challenge,'' said Gary Andersen, a civilian range control
officer who has work on Vieques since 1981. ``In the past, it was a lot
easier.''

Two decades ago, the Vieques cause attracted only a small group of activists
and didn't involve the likes of the Rev. Jesse Jackson, who planned to visit
Vieques on Saturday to show solidarity with the protesters.

Opposition to the bombing intensified after stray bombs killed a civilian
security guard in 1999, with protesters saying the exercises harm islanders'
health and environment -- charges the Navy denies. Protests have continued,
despite President Bush's announcement last week that the Navy will leave
Vieques in two years.

Six camouflage-clad protesters nursing bruises and cuts said they emerged
from the U.S. Navy's firing range Friday after evading patrols since Sunday.
They said they succeeded in stopping fighter jets from dropping inert bombs
Tuesday and Wednesday, an account the Navy only partially corroborated.

``We did this to end the myth that the Navy is invincible,'' said protester
Rafael Feliciano, a teacher. ``Despite their technological superiority, we
beat them.''

Navy spokeswoman Lt. Cmdr. Katherine Goode said there was no bombing on
Tuesday because of bad weather, not the protesters.

On Wednesday, she said protesters only 400 yards from the impact zone
launched a flare, triggering a search and later forcing airborne jets
preparing for a bombing run to turn back.

Petty Officer First Class Duanne Cole, a reservist from Little Rock, Ark.,
said he spotted the flare on a nearby hill while working on security detail
in the observation tower.

``The last few days, I've seen flares on both sides,'' he said. ``We've been
doing 12- to 14-hour shifts.''

More than 20 people work at the observation post atop the hill known as
``OP1,'' or more commonly ``The Rock.'' Andersen said that with Bush's order
to leave Vieques by 2003, ``We're concerned because potentially we're going
to lose our jobs.''

But Capt. Steve Shegrud, who is in charge of the training ranges on and
around Vieques, said the latest exercises ``are going very well.''

``We've had to stop the exercises,'' he said. But, he added, ``It wasn't as
bad as April and May so far.''

In the previous round of exercises in late April and early May, more than
180 people were detained for trespassing.

In the latest exercises, which could run through the end of the month,
authorities said at least 55 protesters have been detained.

Protest leader Robert Rabin said at least 10 demonstrators remain on Navy
land and are trying to put themselves in the way of the next bombing run.

------
On the Net:
U.S. Navy site, http://www.navyvieques.navy.mil
Anti-Navy site, http://www.viequeslibre.org
Copyright © 2001 Associated Press Information Services, all rights reserved.




-----------------------------------------------------------
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11)  El lider de las granjas de EE.UU. retira el apoyo para Carta de
Comercio
(US House Farm Leader Pulls Support for Trade Bill)

Story Filed: Friday, June 22, 2001 11:45 PM EST

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The head of the U.S. House of Representatives
Agriculture Committee said on Friday he would no longer co-sponsor the Trade
Promotion Authority desperately sought by President Bush after the
administration determined more than $10 billion in farm subsidies had
distorted trade.

Rep. Larry Combest, Republican of Texas, said he withdrew his name as
co-sponsor after the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) decision on
Friday to report to the World Trade Organization $10.4 billion in
production-distorting subsidies to U.S. farmers during the 1998/99 marketing
year.

``USDA's decision to classify the 1998 payments as trade distorting is
equivalent to a unilateral disarmament that cedes ground and gains nothing
in return,'' Combest said in a statement.

Combest's action strikes a major blow to Bush's efforts to shore up support
in Congress this week to obtain broad new trade negotiating authority.

Asked to comment, White House spokeswoman Claire Buchan said: ``The
president believes that trade promotion is critical to ensuring that America
is able to participate in trade negotiations around the world and looks
forward to working with Congress to enact this legislation.''

On Monday, Bush and dozens of U.S. farm groups launched a united campaign to
lobby Congress for quick approval of trade promotion authority.

Under the authority, also known as fast track, Congress cedes part of its
constitutional authority over trade to allow the executive branch to
negotiate trade agreements that cannot be amended. Instead, Congress would
only be able to vote to approve or reject the agreements.

The authority last expired in 1994. Since then, a disagreement between
Republicans and Democrats over whether trade agreements should contain
protections for workers and the environment has blocked its renewal.

UNWANTED PRECEDENT

USDA said on Friday $10.4 billion allotted to U.S. farmers by Congress
during the 1998/99 marketing years was trade distorting subsidies under WTO
rules.

For more than two years, Combest has insisted that government payments made
after U.S. producers have made their planting decisions in no way distort
trade.

In a letter sent to Agriculture Secretary Ann Veneman on Friday, Combest
said the administration's actions would have a ''profound impact on U.S.
farmers and on the ability of Congress to help farmers deal with financial
stress.''

``The USDA decision creates a precedent for classifying assistance that will
apply to payments also made in 1999 and 2000, as well as restrict our
ability to make these payments in the future.''

The United States, like other WTO members, has agreed to limit spending on
``amber box'' subsidies deemed to distort production or trade. The U.S.
limit was slightly more than $19 billion a year.

USDA said the $10.4 billion in domestic supports were provided through
market price support programs, loan deficiency payments and marketing loan
gains under commodity loan programs.

``Under WTO rules, these Market Loss Assistance payments must be classified
in the amber box,'' Agriculture Secretary Ann Veneman said in a statement.
``By classifying them properly, we set the right precedent for other
nations...as we move toward a challenging new round of trade negotiations in
the WTO.''

Congress approved $5.9 billion in Marketing Loss Assistance and disaster
payments during the 1998/99 marketing year.

Before Combest's announcement, farm groups applauded USDA's actions saying
other countries need to follow Washington's lead in respecting WTO
commitments.

``This was not an easy action for USDA to take, but it was the right one,''
said Bob Stallman, president of the American Farm Bureau Federation.

USDA would not comment on Combest's actions, referring questions to the
White House.

Copyright © 2001 Reuters Limited. All rights reserved. Republication or
redistribution of Reuters content, including by framing or similar means, is
expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Reuters. Reuters
and the dotted and sphere logos are house marks of Reuters Limited. Reuters
is a registered trade mark in more than 25 countries worldwide.




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TrastorDigest de noticias ambientalistas internacionales

**traducciones resumidas sin fines de lucro
y sin fines de ningun interes personal**
"todo se hace improvisando con muy escasos recursos"

-Tiempo no dedicado 100%
empleado en hacer este resumen:
1Hr 30 min en la noche-

#debemos recordar que toda noticia podria estar
tergiversada, errada, manipulada, mal interpretada,
y en el peor de los casos ser 'greenwashing',
por los periodistas y medios de comunicacion#

Alianza Anillo Verde de Venezuela - La Gran Sabana
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