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Asunto:[LEA-Venezuela] TrastorDigest 02JULIO2001
Fecha:Martes, 3 de Julio, 2001  01:30:08 (-0400)
Autor:Interfaz Amazonica <interfaz @.....net>

Debido a las fallas de los correos CANTV no se enviaron noticias la semana
pasada, y nos olvidamos de eso hasta que arreglaron el envio de correos de
CANTV.

-------------------------------------------------------------------

VENEZUELA:

a) Nuevo indice subraya crisis mundial de corrupcion.
No hay final a la vista para el mal uso del poder por aquellos en oficinas
publicas - y los niveles de corrrupcion se perciben mas altos que nunca en
ambos los paises desarrollados y subdesarrollados, "Dijo Peter Eigen, Jefe
de Transparencia Internacional, hablando hoy en el lanzamiento de el Indice
de Precepciones de Corrupcion 2001. "Hay una crisis mundial de corrupcion"
Lugar de Venezuela en el indice:
Venezuela 2.8 9 0.4 2.0 - 3.6 71

b) Los pobres del mundo encaran riesgos de inundaciones y hambre
Su vulnerabilidad esta aumentada por el cambio climatico y la globalizacion,
Dijo el Jueves la sociedad internacional de La Cruz Roja y Red Crescent
Society.
Citaron a Venezuela, donde los sobrevivientes de los deslizamientos
devastadores de 1999, quienes se habian mudado a areas mas seguras, han sido
incapaces de conseguir empleo y estan retornando a las zonas peligrosas.



 NOTICIAS AMBIENTALISTAS  INTERNACIONALES


1) Una investigacion amplia revisa los puntos del impacto en la salud humana
de quimicos en el ambiente que imitan hormonas.
Muchos quimicos en nuestro ambiente de hoy -en nuestra comida, aire y agua,
asi como en productos como plasticos, pesticidas, herbicidas y farmacos-
muchos causan que el cuerpo responda a ellos como si fueran hormonas. Estos
disruptures hormonales interactuan  con los sistemas de señales hormonales
humanas y pueden resultar en cambios en el cuerpo que la Madre Naturaleza
nunca diseño.
Para informacion acerca de las hormonas ambientales y los quimicos
desbaratadores endocrinos visite:
http://e.hormone.tulane.edu/
y para un escrito sobre el articulo, ir a:
http://edrv.endojournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/22/3/319



2) Noticias publicadas de Australia: Plan ambiental de cinco años.
Mas parques nacionales seran creados, se mejorara la calidad del agua y del
aire, y los rios y la vida salvaje protegida bajo el auspicio de inciativas
ambientales publicadas por el gobierno de New South Gales hoy.



3) Panel del senado de EE.UU. rechaza planes ambientales de Bush
El comite de apropiaciones del senado de ee.uu. rechazo hoy las propuestas
de la administracion de bush para evitar el refuerzo ciudadano del decreto
de especies amenazadas y un subterfugio de presupuesto que tendria una
significativa reduccion general del gasto de conservacion. de aucerdo a los
defensores de la vida silvestre. Las propuestas presupuestarias del
presidente para el año fiscal 2002 incluyen una peticion de un "corredor" en
el interior de las apropiaciones que habria limitado severamente la
apreciacion ciudadana del proceso de listado de especies en peligro, asi
como pedir mayores reducciones generales en los fondos de conservacion que
fueron parte del acuerdo presupuestario sobresaliente el año pasado. EL
panel del senado envia hoy sus leyes de apropiaciones al senado en pleno sin
el "corredor" pedido, denominado "el correor de la extincion" por los
ambientalistas, y con la gran mayoria de los fondos de conservacion
intactos.



4) Entrevista de Satartech Environmental con CEOcast
Startech Environmental Corp. (Nasdaq: STHK), el lider mundial en remediacion
de desechos y tecnologias de reciclaje con plasma, anuncio hoy que
condujeron una entrevista de radio con CEOcast el 29 de Junio 2001. La
entrevista se enfonco en el producto principal de la compañia, el
convertidor de plasma, el cual puede destruir desechos toxicos y peligrosos
irreversible y seguramentemente de una manera efectiva de costo, y tambien
acerca de la creciente importancia de StarCell, una membrana de separacion
de hidrogeno patentada para celulas de combustible y maquinas de hidrogeno.
La entrevista se puede oir completa en el sitio de CEOcast:
 http://www.ceocast.com.
CEOcast dejara la entrevista alli para ser vista por 5 dias habiles.



5) Le sirvieron desayuno toxico a los ministros del ambiente del Pacifico
Los activistas le sirvieron una parrilla toxica de desayuno a los oficiales
del amniente de Australia, Nueva Zelanda y Papua Nueva Guinea esta mañana
como parte de una campaña de Greenpeace para protestar las dioxinas en los
alimentos.



6) Los verdes canadienses quieren un fondo de desechos toxicos tipo EE.UU.
Una coalicion de grupos ambientales canadienses urgieron el viernes al
gobierno a preparar un fondo especial de US$ 1,3 miles de millones para
empezar a limpiar cerca de 10.000 sitios toxicos regados por todo el pais.



7) AMIGOS DE LA TIERRA: Gigante de la modificacion genetica pelea para
mantener documentos secretos
Aventis, gigante de la modificacion genetica esta por llevar al gobierno del
reino unido a la corte.
La compañia quiere prevenir al gobierno de entregar informacion a los amigos
de la tierra acerca de los efectos ambientales y de salud de uno de sus
pesticidas. Glufosinato ammonium (GA)



8) Compañia de EE.UU., EDEN Bioscience, Trae tecnologia verde a los
campesinos de susbsistencia.
EDEN Bioscience Corporation (Nasdaq:EDEN) una compañia de Bothell,
Washington,  desvelo hoy un programa para traer tecnologia agricola de punta
a los paises menos desarrollados que ayudara a los campesinos pobres
producir mas y alimentos mas saludables.



9) Ministro Aleman: En Japon yace un avance para el protocolo de Kioto.
El minsitro aleman del ambiente dijo el Lunes que la actitud de Japon en la
conferencia por venir del clima mundial podria ser crucial para conseguir un
avance para el pacto de Kyoto.



10) Gobernador de Alaska firma una orden de regulacion de barcos.
El Gobernador Tony Knowles firmo el viernes una orden que hace a Alaska el
primer estado en regular la contaminacion de los barcos



11) El calentamiento global puede amenazar a los "fosiles vivientes"
Ellos han vivido mas que los dinosaurios y mucho mas, pero el calentamiento
global podria matar el coelacanth



12) Jefe de la Agencia de Proteccion Ambiental de EE.UU. busca
conversaciones acerca del calentamiento en NAFTA
EPA propuso mantener conversaciones con Mejico y Canada acerca de las
emisiones de gases de invernadero, siguiendo el criticismo del rechazo de
los EE.UU. a los acuerdos de Kioto sobre la misma materia.



13) CHINA: Los carros equipados con carburadores seran prohibidos.
Cuatro ministros de China conjuntamente publicaron una circular para parar
la produccion y venta de 187 modelos de carros y mini-vans equipados con
carburadores en un intento por controlar las emisiones y proteger el
ambiente.



14) ATLANTA, EE.UU.: Negociios y ambientalistas unidos para explorar nuevas
soluciones para incrementar el reciclaje.
Negocios y Ambientalistas Aliados para el Reciclaje (BEAR), un proyecto de
Golbal Green USA, ha lanzado una nueva iniciativa uniendo a las compañias de
bebidas y las de reciclaje, a las organizaciones ambientalistas y agencias
del gobierno para enfrentar un reto mayor: convertir el creciente numero de
contenedores de bebidas desechadas en una fuente de materia prima valiosa.


15) Mejico pelea para salvar los bosques
En escenas que recuerdan la guerra de las drogas, cientos de policias con
chaquetas y cascos estan patrullando las montañas de mejico para defender
los bosques mejicanos que estan desapareciendo rapidamente.



--------------------------------------
--------------------------------------
VENEZUELA

a) Nuevo indice subraya crisis mundial de corrupcion.
(New Index Highlights Worldwide Corruption Crisis)

Story Filed: Thursday, June 28, 2001 11:20 AM EST

Berlin, Jun 27, 2001 (Transparency International/All Africa Global Media via
COMTEX)-- "There is no end in sight to the misuse of power by those in
public office - and corruption levels are perceived to be as high as ever in
both the developed and developing worlds," said Peter Eigen, Chairman of
Transparency International, speaking today on the launch of the Corruption
Perceptions Index 2001. "There is a worldwide corruption crisis.

That is the clear message from the year 2001 Corruption Perceptions Index
(CPI), which reflects the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist
among public officials and politicians. Scores of less than 5 out of a clean
score of 10 are registered by countries on every continent," he said on the
publication today of the CPI by Transparency International (TI).

This year's index, published by the world's leading non-governmental
organisation fighting corruption, ranks 91 countries. Some of the richest
countries in the world - Finland, Denmark, New Zealand, Iceland, Singapore
and Sweden - scored 9 or higher out of a clean score of 10 in the new CPI,
indicating very low levels of perceived corruption. But 55 countries - many
of which are among the world's poorest - scored less than 5, suggesting high
levels of perceived corruption in government and public administration. The
countries with a score of 2 or less are Azerbaijan, Bolivia, Cameroon,
Kenya, Indonesia, Uganda, Nigeria and Bangladesh.

The CPI, which TI first launched in 1995, is a poll of polls, this year
drawing on 14 surveys from seven independent institutions. The surveys
reflect the perceptions of business people, academics and country analysts.
The surveys were undertaken over the past three years and no country has
been included in the CPI without results from a minimum of three surveys.
"This prudent approach means that we are unable to include a number of
countries that probably have higher corruption levels than those included in
the CPI," explained Peter Eigen. "Moreover, for some countries in the CPI,
there are only three or four data sources and wide variations in the
individual survey results. Small differences in ranking between countries
should not be overstated."

"The new Index illustrates once more the vicious circle of poverty and
corruption, where parents have to bribe underpaid teachers to secure an
education for their children and underresourced health services provide a
breeding ground for corruption. The world's poorest are the greatest victims
of corruption," said Peter Eigen at a press conference in Paris. "Vast
amounts of public funds are being wasted and stolen by corrupt officials,"
he continued.

TI's chairman said: "HIV AIDS is killing millions of Africans, and in many
of the countries where AIDS is at its deadliest the problem is compounded by
the fact that corruption levels are seen to be very high. While it is
imperative that richer countries provide the fruits of medical research at
an affordable price to address this human tragedy, it is also essential that
corrupt governments do not steal from their own people. This is now an
urgent priority if lives are to be saved."

The CPI also registers very high levels of perceived corruption in the
countries in transition, in particular the former Soviet Union. Scores of
3.0 or less were recorded in Romania, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Russia,
Ukraine and Azerbaijan. Peter Eigen noted: "The leaders of the countries of
the former Soviet Union must do far more to establish the rule of law and
transparency in government. This is crucial to their economic progress, and
to the development of an open society."

While the CPI scores of most leading industrial countries are quite high,
the CPI focuses on corruption involving public officials. It does not
reflect secret payments to finance political campaigns, the complicity of
banks in money laundering or bribery by multinational companies. Speaking in
Washington DC, TI Vice Chairman Frank Vogl noted: "Corruption in the most
prosperous countries in the world has many manifestations, and Transparency
International is increasing its efforts to stimulate actions to secure
greater transparency in politics, business and banking. We aim to publish a
new Bribe Payers Index in early 2002 to shine the spotlight on the
propensity of western firms to use bribes in emerging market economies."

TI Vice Chairman Tunku Abdul Aziz stated in Malaysia: "The CPI is based on
the understanding that a change in the perceived level of corruption can be
measured only by a consistent shift in behaviour over a number of years. As
a result, it may not give credit to new government leaders who are making
determined efforts to counter years of rampant corruption in their
countries. For example, in recent times we have seen new leaders take the
helm in Nigeria, Mexico and the Philippines intent upon far-reaching
anti-corruption programmes."

"Relief from the IMF and increases in aid funding are evidence that the poor
ranking of Nigeria in the CPI is recognised internationally as an
inheritance that cannot be overturned in the space of one or two years,"
said Tunku Abdul Aziz. "The Nigerian administration has also made great
strides in its quest to recover funds looted by the late dictator Sani
Abacha."

Country Rank Country 2001 CPI Score Surveys Used Standard Deviation High-Low
Range

 1 Finland 9.9 7 0.6 9.2 - 10.6 2. Denmark 9.5 7 0.7 8.8 - 10.6 3. New
Zealand 9.4 7 0.6 8.6 - 10.2 4. Iceland 9.2 6 1.1 7.4 - 10.1 5. Singapore
9.2 12
0.5 8.5 - 9.9 6. Sweden 9.0 8 0.5 8.2 - 9.7 7. Canada 8.9 8 0.5 8.2 - 9.7 8.
Netherlands 8.8 7 0.3 8.4 - 9.2 9. Luxembourg 8.7 6 0.5 8.1 - 9.5 10. Norway
8.6
7 0.8 7.4 - 9.6 11. Australia 8.5 9 0.9 6.8 - 9.4 12. Switzerland 8.4 7 0.5
7.4
- 9.2 13. United Kingdom 8.3 9 0.5 7.4 - 8.8 14. Hong Kong 7.9 11 0.5 7.2 -
8.7
15. Austria 7.8 7 0.5 7.2 - 8.7 16. Israel 7.6 8 0.3 7.3 - 8.1 17. USA 7.6
11
0.7 6.1 - 9.0 18. Chile 7.5 9 0.6 6.5 - 8.5 19. Ireland 7.5 7 0.3 6.8 - 7.9
20.
Germany 7.4 8 0.8 5.8 - 8.6 21. Japan 7.1 11 0.9 5.6 - 8.4 22. Spain 7.0 8
0.7
5.8 - 8.1 23. France 6.7 8 0.8 5.6 - 7.8 24. Belgium 6.6 7 0.7 5.7 - 7.6 25.
Portugal 6.3 8 0.8 5.3 - 7.4 26. Botswana 6.0 3 0.5 5.6 - 6.6 27. Taiwan 5.9
11
1.0 4.6 - 7.3 28. Estonia 5.6 5 0.3 5.0 - 6.0 29. Italy 5.5 9 1.0 4.0 - 6.9
30.
Namibia 5.4 3 1.4 3.8 - 6.7 31. Hungary 5.3 10 0.8 4.0 - 6.2 32. Trinidad &
Tobago 5.3 3 1.5 3.8 - 6.9 33. Tunisia 5.3 3 1.3 3.8 - 6.5 34. Slovenia 5.2
7
1.0 4.1 - 7.1 35. Uruguay 5.1 4 0.7 4.4 - 5.8 36. Malaysia 5.0 11 0.7 3.8 -
5.9
37. Jordan 4.9 4 0.8 3.8 - 5.7 38. Lithuania 4.8 5 1.5 3.8 - 7.5 39. South
Africa 4.8 10 0.7 3.8 - 5.6 40. Costa Rica 4.5 5 0.7 3.7 - 5.6 41. Mauritius
4.5
5 0.7 3.9 - 5.6 42. Greece 4.2 8 0.6 3.6 - 5.6 43. South Korea 4.2 11 0.7
3.4 -
5.6 44. Peru 4.1 6 1.1 2.0 - 5.3 45. Poland 4.1 10 0.9 2.9 - 5.6 46. Brazil
4.0
9 0.3 3.5 - 4.5 47. Bulgaria 3.9 6 0.6 3.2 - 5.0 48. Croatia 3.9 3 0.6 3.4 -
4.6
49. Czech Republic 3.9 10 0.9 2.6 - 5.6 50 50. Colombia 3.8 9 0.6 3.0 - 4.5
51.
Mexico 3.7 9 0.6 2.5 - 5.0 52. Panama 3.7 3 0.4 3.1 - 4.0 53. Slovak
Republic
3.7 7 0.9 2.1 - 4.9 54. Egypt 3.6 7 1.5 1.2 - 6.2 55. El Salvador 3.6 5 0.9
2.0
- 4.3 56. Turkey 3.6 9 0.8 2.0 - 4.5 57. Argentina 3.5 9 0.6 2.9 - 4.4 58.
China
3.5 10 0.4 2.7 - 3.9 59. Ghana 3.4 3 0.5 2.9 - 3.8 60. Latvia 3.4 3 1.2
2.0 -
4.3 61. Malawi 3.2 3 1.0 2.0 - 3.9 62. Thailand 3.2 12 0.9 0.6 - 4.0 63.
Dominican Rep 3.1 3 0.9 2.0 - 3.9 64. Moldova 3.1 3 0.9 2.1 - 3.8 65.
Guatemala
2.9 4 0.9 2.0 - 4.2 66. Philippines 2.9 11 0.9 1.6 - 4.8 67. Senegal 2.9 3
0.8
2.2 - 3.8 68. Zimbabwe 2.9 6 1.1 1.6 - 4.7 69. Romania 2.8 5 0.5 2.0 - 3.4
70.
Venezuela 2.8 9 0.4 2.0 - 3.6 71. Honduras 2.7 3 1.1 2.0 - 4.0 72. India 2.7
12
0.5 2.1 - 3.8 73. Kazakhstan 2.7 3 1.3 1.8 - 4.3 74. Uzbekistan 2.7 3 1.1
2.0 -
4.0 75. Vietnam 2.6 7 0.7 1.5 - 3.8 76. Zambia 2.6 3 0.5 2.0 - 3.0 77. Cote
d´Ivoire 2.4 3 1.0 1.5 - 3.6 78. Nicaragua 2.4 3 0.8 1.9 - 3.4 79. Ecuador
2.3 6
0.3 1.8 - 2.6 80. Pakistan 2.3 3 1.7 0.8 - 4.2 81. Russia 2.3 10 1.2 0.3 -
4.2
82. Tanzania 2.2 3 0.6 1.6 - 2.9 83. Ukraine 2.1 6 1.1 1.0 - 4.3 84.
Azerbaijan
2.0 3 0.2 1.8 - 2.2 85. Bolivia 2.0 5 0.6 1.5 - 3.0 86. Cameroon 2.0 3 0.8
1.2 -
2.9 87. Kenya 2.0 4 0.7 0.9 - 2.6 88. Indonesia 1.9 12 0.8 0.2 - 3.1 89.
Uganda
1.9 3 0.6 1.3 - 2.4 90 Nigeria 1.0 4 0.9 -0.1 - 2.0 91 Bangladesh 0.4 3
2.9 -1.7
- 3.8
What is the Corruption Perceptions Index? The TI Corruption Perceptions
Index (CPI) this year ranks 91 countries in terms of the degree to which
corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians. It
is a composite index, drawing on 14 different polls and surveys from seven
independent institutions carried out among business people and country
analysts, including surveys of residents, both local and expatriate.

For the purpose of the TI indices, how is corruption defined? TI focuses on
corruption in the public sector and defines corruption as the abuse of
public office for private gain. The surveys used in compiling the CPI tend
to ask questions in line with the misuse of public power for private
benefits, with a focus, for example, on bribe-taking by public officials in
public procurement.

Why is the Corruption Perceptions Index a valuable tool? Because the CPI is
derived from 14 different surveys that garner the perceptions of both
residents and expatriates, both business people, academia and risk analysts,
the index provides a snapshot of the views of decision-makers, who take key
decisions on investment and trade. The CPI builds public awareness of the
corruption issue, and it adds to pressure on governments to directly address
the issue and the damaged image of their nation that low rankings in the CPI
reflect.

What role is played by exporters in international criminal transactions? In
1999, TI published an additional index that ranked exporting countries
according to their propensity to offer bribes. This Bribe Payers Index (BPI)
is on the internet at http://www.transparency.org/documents/cpi/ bps.html.
The BPI complements the CPI and underlines the point that corruption in
international business transactions involves both those who take and those
who give. Looking only at those who take, the CPI provides an incomplete
picture. A new BPI is planned in early 2002.

Is it right to conclude that the country with the lowest score is the
world's most corrupt country? No. Firstly, the country with the lowest score
is the one perceived to be the most corrupt of those included in the index.
The CPI is based on polls, which are snapshots in time and reflect both
opinions and experience. Furthermore, there are more than 200 sovereign
nations in the world and the CPI 2001 ranks only 91 - TI does not have
sufficient reliable data for all countries.

Why is the CPI based on perceptions only? It is difficult to base
comparative statements on the levels of corruption in different countries on
hard empirical data, e.g. by comparing the number of prosecutions or court
cases. Such cross-country data does not reflect actual levels of corruption;
rather it highlights the quality of prosecutors, courts and/or the media in
exposing corruption. The only method of compiling comparative data is
therefore to build on the experience and perceptions of those who are most
directly confronted with the realities of corruption.

Was there any change in the target groups polled for the CPI this year?
There are substantial changes this year, which should serve as a warning not
to overstate year-on-year comparisons. This year we used 14 polls from seven
institutions compared with 16 polls from eight institutions in 2000.
Furthermore, this year we included the new PricewaterhouseCoopers Opacity
Index and the new World Business Environment Survey. Each of these surveys
sought responses from business people.

What are the criteria in determining which surveys are used? TI seeks
excellent data for the CPI and, to qualify, the data has to be well
documented, and it has to be sufficient to permit a judgment on its
reliability. TI strives to ensure that the sources used are of the highest
quality, that the survey work is performed with complete integrity and that
the methodologies used to analyse findings are first class. TI is confident
that these criteria apply to the CPI. A more detailed description of the
underlying methodology has been written for the 2001 index and is available
at www.transparency.org or www.gwdg.de/~uwvw/2001.html. The methodology used
is reviewed by a Steering Committee consisting of leading international
experts in the fields of corruption, econometrics and statistics. Members of
the Steering Committee make suggestions for improving the CPI, but the
management of TI takes the final decisions on the methodology used.
Consequently, neither the CPI methodology nor its presentation modality
ought to be interpreted as necessarily constituting endorsement by the
Steering Committee or its individual members.

Which countries are included in the 2001 CPI? TI requires at least three
sources to be available for a country before considering the database
sufficiently robust for that country to be ranked in the CPI. Countries for
which there might be only one or two data sources available are not included
in the CPI. Bangladesh, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua,
Pakistan, Panama, Trinidad & Tobago and Uruguay have been included because
three sources are now available, but were not in 2000.

Country Score in 2000 Morocco 4.7 Belarus 4.1 Ethiopia 3.2 Burkina Faso 3.0
Armenia 2.5 Mozambique 2.2 Angola 1.7 Yugoslavia 1.3 What happened to
countries that were included in the 2000 CPI, but not in the 2001 CPI? The
countries listed in the accompanying table were included in the 2000 CPI,
but could not be included this year because of insufficient topical survey
data. The fact that they are not included does not imply in any way that
perceptions of corruption relative to these countries have improved or
deteriorated over the past year. TI's experience suggests that corruption,
particularly for those countries who had scored poorly, remains a major
problem, as it does for many others that are not included in the 2000 CPI
because of insufficient available data.

Is the country score a reliable measure of a country's perceived level of
corruption? In terms of perceptions of corruption, the CPI is a solid
measurement tool. The reliability differs, however, between countries.
Countries with a low number of sources and large differences in the values
provided by the sources (indicated by a large Standard Deviation) convey
less reliability as to their score and ranking.

Are old surveys used in the CPI? The CPI is based on 1999-2001 data. Since
fundamental changes in the levels of corruption in a country evolve only
slowly, while public perceptions may change more swiftly and be influenced
to some extent by short-term events, TI determined to base the CPI on a
three- year rolling average. Hence, this year's CPI is based on survey data
collected exclusively between 1999 and 2001.

Which sources have contributed to the assessment of each individual country?
A list of sources and surveys from which the CPI is derived follows at the
end of the press release. A list of the sources that contributed to the
assessment of each country is available on the Internet as an Excel sheet
 www.transparency.org or http://www.gwdg.de/~uwvw/2001.html). This list also
provides further information on standard errors and confidence intervals for
each country.

Can data from one year be compared with that from a previous year? Not
precisely. The CPI incorporates as many reliable and up-to-date sources as
possible. One of the drawbacks to this approach is that year-to-year
comparisons of a country's score do not only result from a changing
perception of a country's performance but also from a changing sample and
methodology. Some sources are not updated and must be dropped as a result,
while new, reliable sources are added. With differing respondents and
slightly differing methodologies, a change in a country's score cannot be
attributed solely to actual changes in a country's performance. Comparisons
with the views collected in previous years can therefore be misleading.

Which countries' scores deteriorated most between 2000 and 2001? Making
comparisons from one year to another is problematic. However, to the extent
that changes can be traced back to a change in the results from individual
sources, trends can be cautiously identified. Noteworthy examples of a
downward trend are Malawi, Bolivia, Greece and Norway. The considerable
decline in their scores does not result from technical factors - actual
changes in perceptions are therefore likely.

Which countries improved most compared with last year? With the same caveats
applied, on the basis of data from sources that have been consistently used
for the index, improvements can be observed for Israel, Italy, Colombia and,
as already mentioned last year with regard to improvements, Belgium and
Japan.

Number 1 2 3 Source Political & Economic Risk Consultancy Name Asian
Intelligence Issue Year 1999 2000 2001 Internet address
http://www.asiarisk.com/ Who was surveyed? Expatriate business executives
Subject asked Extent of corruption in a way that detracts from the business
environment for foreign companies How do you rate corruption in terms of its
quality or contribution to the overall living/working environment? Number of
replies 40-50 per country 1,027 ca. 1,000 Coverage 12 Asian countries 14
countries

Number 4 5 6 Source Institute for Management Development, IMD, Switzerland
Name World Competitiveness Yearbook Year 1999 2000 2001 Internet address
www.imd.ch/wcy Who was surveyed? Executives in top and middle management;
domestic and international companies Subject asked Whether bribing and
corruption exist in the public sphere Number of replies 4,314 4,160 3,678
Coverage 47 countries 49 countries

Number 7 8 Source World Bank PricewaterhouseCoopers Name World Business
Environment Survey Opacity Index Year 2001 2001 Internet address
www1.worldbank.org/beext/resources/ assess-wbessurvey-alt.htm
www.opacityindex.com/ Who was surveyed? Senior managers CFOs, equity
analysts, bankers and PwC staff Subject asked "Frequency of bribing" and
"corruption as a constraint to business" Frequency of corruption in various
contexts (e.g. obtaining import/export permits or subsidies, avoiding taxes)
Number of replies 10,090 1,357 Coverage 79 countries1 34 countries

Number 9 10 11 Source Economist Intelligence Unit Freedom House World
Economic Forum Name Country Risk Service and Country Forecast Nations in
Transit Africa Competitiveness Report Year 2001 2001 2000 Internet address
www.eiu.com www.freedomhouse.org www.weforum.org Who was surveyed? Expert
staff assessment (expatriate) Assessment by US academic experts and FH staff
Senior business leaders; domestic and international companies Subject asked
Assessment of the pervasiveness of corruption among politicians and civil
servants

Levels of corruption How problematic is corruption? Are irregular,
additional payments required? In large amounts? Number of replies Not
applicable Not applicable 1,800 Coverage 115 countries 27 transition
economies 26 countries

Number 12 13 14 Source World Economic Forum Name Global Competitiveness
Report Year 1999 2000 2001 Internet address www.weforum.org Who was
surveyed? Senior business leaders; domestic and international companies
Subject asked Irregular extra payments connected with import and export
permits, public utilities and contracts, business licences, tax payments or
loan applications are common/not common. Number of replies 3,934 4,022 ca
4,600 Coverage 59 countries 76 countries

1 The survey was carried out in 81 countries, but data for two countries was
insufficient.

Berlin: Jeff Lovitt/Jana Kotalik, Tel: +49 30 3438 2045/61 Fax: +49 30 3470
3912, Email: press@... London: Susan Cote-Freeman, Tel: +44 207
610 1400, Fax: +44 207 610 1550, Email: freeman@...
Washington: TI Vice Chairman Frank Vogl, Tel: +1 202 331 8183, Fax: +1 202
331 8187, Email:voglcom@... Addial techtechnical CPI information UK:
Fredrik Galtung, Adviser on CPI Tel: +44-207 610 1400, Fax: +44-207 610
1550, Email: fg211@... Germany: Dr Johann Graf Lambsdorff (TI Adviser
on CPI), Gottingen University, Tel: +49-551- 397298, Fax: +49-551-392054,
Email: jlambsd@...

Copyright Transparency International. Distributed by All Africa Global
Media(AllAfrica.com)

KEYWORD: PanAfrica
Copyright © 2001, Africa News Service, all rights reserved.



-------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------
b) Los pobres del mundo encaran riesgos de inundaciones y hambre
(World's Poor Face Rising Risk of Flood And Famine)

Story Filed: Thursday, June 28, 2001 4:51 AM EST

GENEVA (Reuters) - The world's poor face a mounting threat from flood and
famine, their vulnerability increased by climate change and globalization,
the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies said on
Thursday.

The relief agency said in its World Disasters Report 2001 that the poor
suffered the highest death tolls and were otherwise most affected because
poverty weakened resilience to floods, droughts and other natural disasters.

``Recurrent disasters from floods in Asia to drought in the Horn of Africa
to windstorms in Latin America are sweeping away development gains and
calling into question the possibility of recovery,'' the IFRC said in an
appeal for international aid focused more on local economic and social
needs.

It cited Venezuela, where survivors of the devastating mudslides of 1999 who
had moved to safer areas had been unable to find jobs there and were
returning to danger zones.

Rather than concentrating on rebuilding damaged infrastructure, aid efforts
needed to be directed toward ''rebuilding people's livelihoods'' the report
said.


DISASTROUS YEAR

Last year saw a rise in the number of natural disasters, with 752 registered
in 2000, versus 609 in 1999 and 481 in 1998. For the IFRC, a disaster means
that at least 10 people died, 100 people were affected and a state of
emergency was declared or international aid sought.

The IFRC said a total of 253,378 people were affected by disasters, down
from the decade's peak of 344,761 in 1998 when El Nino, the warming in the
Pacific Ocean, brought violent weather to many parts of the world.

The three countries hardest hit were the Solomon Islands, Malawi and
Cambodia, in terms of percentage of population affected.

While the number of geophysical disasters such as earthquakes and volcanic
eruptions has remained fairly steady over the past decade, the number of
hydro-meteorological disasters, provoked mainly by weather -- including
avalanches, landslides and extreme temperatures -- more than doubled over
the second half of the last decade.

Peter Walker, director of the IFRC's Asia Regional Office, said there were
two factors behind the rise in climate-related disasters -- changing land
use and increasing urbanization in flood-prone areas, and global warming, he
said.

``It is evidence of climate change,'' he told Reuters.


GLOBALIZATION

The IFCR said that globalization was also accentuating the problems of the
world's poorest states in dealing with natural disasters.

``It is more a change of attitude. Every investment now has to be measured
in market terms against targets and expected return rather than alleviation
of poverty,'' Walker said.

Investments in the poorest countries, such as Bangladesh, are often intended
to pay for themselves in three years, which meant little attention could be
paid to considerations such as disaster prevention.

Copyright © 2001 Reuters Limited. All rights reserved. Republication or
redistribution of Reuters content, including by framing or similar means, is
expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Reuters. Reuters
and the dotted and sphere logos are house marks of Reuters Limited. Reuters
is a registered trade mark in more than 25 countries worldwide.



----------------------------------
----------------------------------
------------------------------------
------------------------------------
INTERNACIONAL

1) Una investigacion amplia revisa los puntos del impacto en la salud humana
de quimicos en el ambiente que imitan hormonas.
(Comprehensive Research Review Points to Human Health Impact From Chemicals
in Environment That Mimic Hormones)

Story Filed: Thursday, June 28, 2001 10:45 PM EST

NEW ORLEANS, Jun 28, 2001 (ASCRIBE NEWS via COMTEX) -- Many chemicals in
today's environment -- in our food, air and water, as well as in products
like plastics, pesticides, herbicides and pharmaceuticals -- may cause the
body to respond to them as if they were hormones. These hormone disruptors
interact with human hormonal signaling systems and may result in changes in
the body that Mother Nature never intended.

Tulane scientist, John McLachlan, who has devoted 30 years to the study of
chemicals in the environment that mimic hormones, has written the first
comprehensive review of what science knows about this field and, more
importantly, where it might take us. His paper, "Environmental Signaling:
What Embryos and Evolution Teach us About Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals" is
published in the June 2001 issue of Endocrine Reviews, a journal of The
Endocrine Society. McLachlan is the Weatherhead Distinguished Professor and
director of the Center for Bioenvironmental Research at Tulane and Xavier
Universities.

With 222 citations to support the premise of his paper, McLachlan asserts,
"If male fruit bats are lactating in Malaysia . . . look for the
environmental hormone. If there is a dramatic increase in the cases of
premature breast development [in girls] in Puerto Rico . . . look for the
environmental hormone. . ."

Just as germs and genes once were unknown disease-causing agents, McLachlan
says biologically active environmental chemicals one day may provide a new
understanding about how the environment impacts human health. "We must
recognize patterns that link the environment outside to the environment
within our own bodies."

For information on environmental hormones and endocrine disrupting chemicals
visit: http://e.hormone.tulane.edu/ and for an abstract of the journal
article, go to: http://edrv.endojournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/22/3/319

((AScribe - The Public Interest Newswire / http://www.ascribe.org))
(C)1999-2001 Ascribe News - http://www.ascribe.org
Copyright © 2001, AScribe Newswire, all rights reserved


-------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------
2) Noticias publicadas de Australia: Plan ambiental de cinco años.
(AUSTRALIA'S NSW RELEASES 5-YEAR ENVIRONMENT PLAN)

Story Filed: Friday, June 29, 2001 6:53 AM EST

SYDNEY, Jun 29, 2001 (AsiaPulse via COMTEX) -- More national parks will be
created, water and air quality impoved, and rivers and wildlife protected
under the host of environmental initiatives released by the New South Wales
government today.

Premier Bob Carr released the state government's five-year Action for the
Environment plan at Blackheath in the Blue Mountains.

"Protecting our bushline, our coastline, our wildlife, cleaning our air and
water, fighting salinity and continuing global warming are all addressed in
this package," Mr Carr told reporters.

Under the package more than 40,000 hectares would be added to the Blue
Mountains and Kanangra Boyd National Parks, he said.

Other measures included:

* A $5 million grant to a fund enabling tens of thousands of hectares of
private land to be bought and protected as wilderness.

* 38,000 hectares of grouse area upgraded to an official wilderness area
offering the highest level of protection.

* $1 billion already allocated would be spent to improve water quality by
upgrading sewerage systems around the state including in NSW.

The premier also announced a $5 million boost to the Environment Protection
Authority's Cleaner Production Program which acts as a watchdog on industry
environment standards.

Mr Carr was heckled by environmental protesters over the development of
Australian Defence Industries bushland in western Sydney.

The announcement follows details released yesterday of a crackdown on smoky
cars and wood burning heaters to reduce brown haze over Sydney.

(C) 2001 Asia Pulse Pte Ltd
INDUSTRY KEYWORD: Environment/water pollution
Copyright © 2001, Asia Pulse, all rights reserved.


---------------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------------
3) Panel del senado de EE.UU. rechaza planes ambientales de Bush
(167-0628 r w bc-Defenders-Senate-panel Senate Panel Rejects Bush
Environment Plans)

Story Filed: Thursday, June 28, 2001 7:08 PM EST

WASHINGTON, Jun 28, 2001 (U.S. Newswire via COMTEX) -- The U.S. Senate
Appropriations Committee today rejected Bush Administration proposals to gut
citizen enforcement of the Endangered Species Act and a budget subterfuge
that would have significantly cut overall conservation spending, according
to Defenders of Wildlife. The president's budget proposal for fiscal year
2002 included a request for a "rider" on the Interior appropriation that
would have severely limited citizen oversight of the endangered species
listing process, as well as asking for major cuts in overall conservation
funding that was part of a landmark Congressional budget agreement last
year. The Senate panel today sent its 2002 appropriations bill to the full
Senate without the requested rider, dubbed the "extinction rider" by
environmentalists, and with the vast majority of conservation funding
intact.

"We are deeply gratified that the Committee kept citizens in the picture on
listing endangered species," said Rodger Schlickeisen, president of
Defenders of Wildlife. "The administration proposed to throw the fate of
species at risk on the tender mercies of Interior Secretary Norton, who has
argued that the entire Endangered Species Act is unconstitutional. With
similar rejection of White House priorities by the House last week, it's
becoming clear just how extreme his anti-environmental agenda really is."

Conservation in Action, a recent report by Defenders of Wildlife, The Center
for Biological Diversity and The Endangered Species Coalition, outlined the
threat posed by the Bush "extinction rider" to species that scientists have
identified as at risk but not yet listed as endangered or threatened due to
funding shortfalls and bureaucratic delays. The proposed rider would have
eliminated deadlines and time lines that the agency must meet under the law
as grounds for citizen-initiated lawsuits. Without these deadlines, the
agency would be free to delay action as long as it wished; ultimately, until
a species became extinct and was beyond the help of the Endangered Species
Act. Cerulean warblers, Aleutian sea otters, New England cottontails, and
wolverines are among the nearly 300 species in the current listing backlog.

The Senate Committee bill also includes nearly full allocations for last
year's historic conservation funding package. That landmark deal set aside
$12 billion in dedicated funding over a six-year period for a broad menu of
critical conservation programs - including the Land and Water Conservation
Fund - that protect open space, wildlife habitat, wild lands and cultural
treasures threatened by uncontrolled urban sprawl and development. The
president's request had cut the fiscal year 2002 level for the new fund by
$250 million; $94 million of this cut would have impacted programs in the
Interior appropriations bill. Instead, this bill keeps the Congress'
commitment made last year and provides $1.31 billion for fiscal year 2002
for programs under its jurisdiction - $12 million less than the full
dedicated levels, but $83 million more than the President's request.
Conservationists hope to see this amount restored to the full-dedicated
level when the bill goes to conference committee between the House and
Senate.

Unfortunately, the Committee fell short of providing the full $450 million
funding for the federal Land and Water Conservation Fund, although the $406
million allocated by the panel improves upon the $390 million in the House
bill.

"We are also extremely gratified that the Senate appropriators held to the
course that an overwhelming, bipartisan majority in Congress set us on last
year with their historic agreement to allocate almost $12 billion in
dedicated funding to the Land and Water Conservation Fund and other key
conservation programs. We are quite concerned that the president's budget
proposes a shell game that would have slashed these important initiatives,
but the committee has held true to the original vision and put real meat on
the bones of the Fund," Schlickeisen said.

Defenders of Wildlife is a leading nonprofit conservation organization
recognized as one of the nation's most progressive advocates for wildlife
and its habitat. With more than 430,000 members and supporters, Defenders of
Wildlife is an effective leader on environmental issues.
CONTACT:          Brad DeVries of Defenders of Wildlife,
                  800-989-8981 ext. 23
Copyright (C) 2001, U.S. Newswire


SUBJECT CODE:     ENVIRONMENT
                   GOVERNMENT
                   POLICY
                  WILDLIFE
Copyright © 2001, U.S. Newswire, all rights reserved.



------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------
4) Entrevista de Satartech Environmental con CEOcast
(Startech Environmental Interviews With CEOcast)

Story Filed: Friday, June 29, 2001 11:50 AM EST

WILTON, Conn., Jun 29, 2001 /PRNewswire via COMTEX/ -- Startech
Environmental Corp. (Nasdaq: STHK), the world leader in plasma waste
remediation and recycling technology, announced today that its President and
Chief Executive Officer, Joseph F. Longo, and its Chief Financial Officer,
Robert L. DeRochie conducted an audio interview with CEOcast on June 29,
2001. The interview focused on the Company's main product, the Plasma
Converter(TM), which can destroy toxic and hazardous waste irreversibly and
safely in a cost effective manner, and also the growing importance of
StarCell(TM), a patented hydrogen separation membrane for fuel cells and
hydrogen engines. The interview can be heard in its entirety by logging onto
the CEOcast website at http://www.ceocast.com. CEOcast will have this
interview available on their website for viewing for five (5) business days.

About Startech Environmental Corp:

Startech is an environmental and energy technology company whose Plasma
Converter, essentially an electrochemical system that safely destroys all
wastes, even hazardous wastes, and converts them into useful and valuable
commodity products. One of the principal products produced from processing
wastes is a rich synthesis fuel-gas called Plasma Converted Gas(PCG(TM)). It
does this economically, efficiently, with relatively few moving parts, and
without combustion. The prime mover in the Plasma Converter process is the
plasma lightning like arc in the vessel that causes chemical dissociation
(decomposition) of the feed materials, after which their elemental
components (atoms) are reformed into useful commodities. The United States
Environmental Protection Agency has designated materials, even if they may
have once been regarded as wastes, or hazardous wastes, undergoing such a
recycling process, no longer as wastes, but as "feedstocks." StarCell(TM) is
the Company's new, patented hydrogen selective membrane system that
separates hydrogen from the PCG produced from wastes. PCG is a clean
synthesis fuel-gas mixture with many commercial uses. StarCell is not a fuel
cell; it is a ceramic membrane filtration system that extracts hydrogen from
PCG. PCG contains a large quantity of hydrogen. Pound-for-pound, hydrogen
contains more energy punch than all the other fuels, and when used in
hydrogen engines and fuel cells, produces only clean water vapor with no
"green house gases." Once the hydrogen is separated, the remaining
carbon-based syngas can still be used as a valuable fuel or even as a
chemical feedstock. Startech's PCG can also easily be used to produce
methanol, another valuable alternative fuel.

About CEOcast

CEOcast is a leading online resource for professional investors seeking
information on emerging growth companies. It interviews CEOs in connection
with breaking news stories and earnings announcements. CEOcasts's
information is made available to buy-side analysts and portfolio managers at
over 3,300 institutions and to investment research professionals
representing more than 425 institutions. Its programming is also distributed
to online investors at more than 700 financial Web sites.

For further information, contact Robert L. DeRochie, VP of Investor
Relations, Phone: (203) 762-2499, Fax: (203) 761-0839, E-Mail:
starmail@..., orStae the Startech web page:
http://www.startech.net.

Safe Harbor for Forward-Looking Statements:

This news release contains forward-looking statements, including statements
regarding the Company's plans and expectations regarding the development and
commercialization of its Plasma Converter(TM) and StarCell(TM) technology.
All forward-looking statements are subject to risk and uncertainties that
could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected.
Factors that could cause such a difference include, without limitation,
general risks associated with product development, manufacturing, rapid
technological change and competition as well as other risks set forth in the
Company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The
forward-looking statements contained herein speak only as of the date of
this news release. The Company expressly disclaims any obligation or
undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any such
statement to reflect any change in the Company's expectations or any change
in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.
                    MAKE YOUR OPINION COUNT -  Click Here
               http://tbutton.prnewswire.com/prn/11690X11324722

SOURCE Startech Environmental Corp.

CONTACT:          Robert L. DeRochie, VP of Investor Relations, Startech
                  Environmental Corp., 203-762-2499, Fax - 203-761-0839,
starmail@...
                  /Company News On-Call:
http://www.prnewswire.com/comp/113537.html or fax,
                  800-758-5804, ext. 113537
URL:
http://www.startech.net
http://www.prnewswire.com

Copyright (C) 2001 PR Newswire. All rights reserved.

KEYWORD:          Connecticut
INDUSTRY KEYWORD: FIN
ENV
CPR
SUBJECT CODE:     OTC
Copyright © 2001, PR Newswire, all rights reserved.



-------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------
5) Le sirvieron desayuno toxico a los ministros del ambiente del Pacifico
(PACIFIC ENVIRONMENT MINISTERS SERVED TOXIC BREAKFASTS)

Story Filed: Friday, June 29, 2001 6:53 AM EST

DARWIN, Jun 29, 2001 (AsiaPulse via COMTEX) -- Activists served up a toxic
barbeque breakfast to Environment officials from Australia, New Zealand and
Papua New Guinea this morning as part of a Greenpeace campaign to protest
dioxin in food.

Federal Environment Minister Robert Hill good-naturedly accepted - but did
not eat - a "haz-burger" from Greenpeace as he entered the Australia and New
Zealand Environment and Conservation Council meeting at Rydges Hotel.

The burger contained what Greenpeace s-aid was a dioxin-contaminated bream
fillet from Homebush Bay, in Sydney, cooked in dioxin-contaminated butter
from Victoria.

"The mullet that we tested in Homebush Bay were about 17 times the North
American safe standards for edible fish and the bream were quite high as
well," Greenpeace toxics campaigner Matt Ruchel said.

"Our concern is there is a dioxin program going up but it's not necessarily
going to have very much emphasis on reduction."

State environment ministers will discuss the rollout of a national dioxin
program, which has attracted $5 million in federal funding over four years.

Greenpeace wants the ministers to take urgent action to halve dioxin
releases by 2005.

Dioxin is linked to cancer and reproductive problems and is one of 12
persistent organic pollutants the federal government last month agreed to
reduce and eliminate by signing the Stockholm Convention.


(C) 2001 Asia Pulse Pte Ltd

INDUSTRY KEYWORD: Regulations / Law
                  Chemicals
                  Environment/water pollution

Copyright © 2001, Asia Pulse, all rights reserved.



----------------------------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------------
6) Los verdes canadienses quieren un fondo de desechos toxicos tipo EE.UU.
(Canadian Greens Want U.S.-Style Toxic Waste Fund)

Story Filed: Friday, June 29, 2001 4:32 PM EST

OTTAWA (Reuters) - A coalition of Canadian environmental groups on Friday
urged the government to set up a special C$2 billion fund ($1.3 billion) to
start clearing up around 10,000 toxic waste sites scattered across the
country.

The 28 groups -- headed by the Sierra Club of Canada -- said Ottawa should
create a ``Clean Canada Fund'' on the lines of he U.S. Superfund program,
which has spent $14 billion (USD) and almost two decades tackling 1,200
badly polluted sites.

Canada has no national program to deal with contaminated sites and no one in
the office of Natural Resources Minister Ralph Goodale was immediately
available for comment. Sierra Club officials said federal and provincial
governments had not even compiled an inventory of places to be dealt with.

``Until there is until a national clean-up fund for these sites they will
continue to pollute the environment, harm Canadians and -- probably the most
disgusting aspect of this -- to pass on this responsibility to the next
generation of Canadians,'' said the Sierra Club's Daniel Green.

The environmental groups say Ottawa is responsible for around 5,000 of the
sites, mainly abandoned forestry, military and mining sites. All contain
various kinds of toxic waste.

Sierra Club deputy director Angela Rickman said the main priority should be
given to sites in or close to towns.

``The initial fund that we're looking at would be C$2 billion which we hope
would be replenished by securing deposits from industries which are likely
to create pollution,'' she told a news conference.

``There would obviously have to be replenishment every year and that
wouldn't necessarily take care of all the sites.''

One of the most notorious waste sites is the Sydney Tar Ponds in Nova
Scotia -- pools containing 700,000 tons of toxic chemical sludge generated
in a century of steelmaking.

Residents in the nearby town of Sydney say the toxins are damaging their
health and demand to be moved. Cancer rates are soaring and there are many
cases of heart disease and asthma. The government says it has already spent
C$135 million to try to clean the tar ponds up.

Another potential time bomb is 240,000 tons of arsenic trioxide stored in
abandoned gold mine shafts underneath the town of Yellowknife in the
Northwest Territories.

``It's not just an academic exercise to want to see toxic waste sites
cleaned up,'' said Sierra Club executive director Elizabeth May, who mounted
a 17-day hunger strike last month to focus government attention on the
Sydney Tar Ponds.

``If the arsenic that is currently pooled under Yellowknife went into the
drinking water the extent of the catastrophe would be so striking that the
public and other levels of government are not about to say 'We can
understand the money wasn't there to deal with this problem','' she said.

The environmentalists said that, despite extensive lobbying in Ottawa they
had had little success in persuading the Canadian natural resources ministry
and other federal departments to pay attention to the problem.

``The public support is there and we just need to continue to build the
support within government. This is something we realistically believe can be
done. Canada is simply behind the pack,'' said May.

Copyright © 2001 Reuters Limited. All rights reserved. Republication or
redistribution of Reuters content, including by framing or similar means, is
expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Reuters. Reuters
and the dotted and sphere logos are house marks of Reuters Limited. Reuters
is a registered trade mark in more than 25 countries worldwide.



-----------------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------------
7) AMIGOS DE LA TIERRA: Gigante de la modificacion genetica pelea para
mantener documentos secretos
(FRIENDS OF THE EARTH: GM giant fights to keep documents secret)

Story Filed: Friday, June 29, 2001 7:47 AM EST

Jun 29, 2001 (M2 PRESSWIRE via COMTEX) -- GM giant Aventis is to take the UK
Government to court. The company wants to prevent the Government from giving
information to Friends of the Earth on the environmental and health effects
of one of its pesticides. Glufosinate ammonium (GA) is used in GM farm-scale
trials.It is one of the two herbicides to be sprayed on those GM crops
nearest to commercialisation. Lawyers for the Department for Environment,
Food and Rural Affairs(DEFRA) have given the company 14 days within which to
seek an injunction preventing disclosure ( see attached letter).

Friends of the Earth first requested the information from the former
Ministry of Agriculture in February 2000, after it changed the rules on the
use of glufosinate ammonium.

Previously GA was only allowed to be sprayed on crops during the summer,
because of fears over the environmental and health impact of using the
pesticide during the winter months.

Possible effects include leaching into groundwater. Following a request by
Aventis, the Government allowed GA to be sprayed on GM crops during the
winter.

FOE asked to see the information that Aventis supplied to back up its
requests. Initially the Government stalled. In January this year it refused
to disclose the information.

However,following the threat of legal action from FOE the Government backed
down. Aventis had claimed "commercial confidentiality" to block disclosure.

Peter Roderick, Friends of the Earth's Legal Adviser, said: "This shows the
lengths that the biotech industry will go to keep its activities from public
scrutiny. If Aventis has got scientific evidence on the safety of this
pesticide why won't they let us see it?

Full marks to the Government for finally agreeing to disclose most of the
information.

It must now stand firm in defending Aventis' challenge. It is difficult to s
ee how commercial confidentiality can trump the public's right to know about
the possible environmental and health impacts of spraying pesticides on GM
crops."

M2 Communications Ltd disclaims all liability for information provided
within M2 PressWIRE. Data supplied by named party/parties. Further
information on M2 PressWIRE can be obtained at http://www.presswire.net on
the world wide web. Inquiries to info@m2.com.

Copyright 1994-2001 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD
Copyright © 2001, M2 Communications Ltd., all rights reserved.



---------------------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------------------
8) Compañia de EE.UU., EDEN Bioscience, Trae tecnologia verde a los
campesinos de susbsistencia.
(U.S. Company, EDEN Bioscience, Brings Green Technology to Subsistence
Farmers

Story Filed: Friday, June 29, 2001 3:05 AM EST

CRANS MONTANA, Switzerland, Jun 29, 2001 (BUSINESS WIRE) -- EDEN Bioscience
Corporation (Nasdaq:EDEN) a Bothell, Wash., based company, today unveiled a
program to bring leading-edge agricultural technology to less-developed
countries that will help poor farmers produce higher yields of healthier
food and feed crops.

Under the program, the company's product, Messenger(R), will first be made
available to small-scale farmers in Ethiopia and Kenya. Within a year, the
project will be expanded to other African and Eastern European countries
that apply to EDEN(R) for inclusion in the project.

"We are committed to a more humane world in which life-enhancing
technologies are made available simultaneously to all," said Beat Adler,
EDEN business manager for Africa and the Middle East, at a presentation
during the Crans Montana Forum. "We are beginning our subsistence farming
demonstration program in Ethiopia, which has some of the poorest farmers in
the world. At the same time, however, large-scale growers in the United
States are utilizing the technology of Messenger to enhance yields and
quality and protect plants against diseases in such high-value crops as
strawberries, grapes, apples, and others."

Representatives from EDEN gave a half-day presentation on the Subsistence
Farming Project to approximately 40 people attending the Forum, including
some 20 ministers of agriculture from Eastern European and African nations.
"Messenger has a perfect technological fit for small farmers," said Beat
Adler. "Because of the low dosage per hectare per season, even subsistence
farmers can benefit from Messenger. It takes only one application to the
seed of monocotyledonous crops such as wheat, rice, maize, teff, and sorghum
to increase overall basic food production in any country where it is
needed," he explained.

"There will be no barriers to the access of EDEN's technology," added
company CEO Jerry Butler at the forum. "We at EDEN believe a better world
can be created by making Messenger available to all -- from the most
sophisticated Western grower to subsistence-level farmers in less-developed
countries who will reap the benefits of improved crop yield and quality
without additional heavy labor or expensive application equipment. Using
Messenger, we believe growers in less-developed countries may be able to
substantially improve their farm incomes without reliance on others," he
said.

Messenger was developed and brought to the commercial market in the United
States by EDEN Bioscience(R). The product combines biotechnology and green
chemistry to harness natural plant defense and growth systems that cause
plants to resist attack by diseases and insects, and exhibit increased
nutrient uptake and photosynthesis. Yields can be increased by 10 percent to
20 percent with as little as 5 to 7.5 grams/ha of the active ingredient -- a
harpin protein.

Messenger has been shown to be non-hazardous to humans, animals, and the
environment, Adler told forum participants. No special equipment or
application technology is required -- farmers simply mix Messenger in a
container with water, dip the seed in the mixture, and then sow the seeds.

EDEN uses environmentally friendly fermentation and formulation processes to
produce the harpin protein in Messenger. The role of naturally occurring
harpin proteins in triggering natural plant defense systems and activating
growth systems without altering the plant's DNA was discovered by Zhongmin
Wei, PhD, and colleagues at Cornell University, New York, in 1992. Dr. Wei
is now vice-president for research at EDEN, which is located in Bothell,
Washington.

The program will begin in Ethiopia and Kenya as soon as a training facility
has been set up and some technical and practical questions have been
resolved, including a clarification of the registration process, according
to Adler. The project will be initiated in Addis Ababa under the supervision
of an EDEN agricultural specialist hired specifically to implement this
project.

EDEN also announced that earlier in the week, the company was awarded the
U.S. Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award for its technical
innovation in the development of the harpin technology incorporated in
Messenger. The award is given annually through the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency's Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics to companies
and individuals that research, develop, and implement technologies that
reduce or eliminate the use or generation of hazardous substances.

Each year, the Crans Montana Forum brings together approximately 1200
participants that include heads of state from smaller countries, prime
ministers, members of governments and international organizations to meet
with CEOs and others representing small businesses. This year, Crans Montana
invited targeted ministers of agriculture worldwide to attend the EDEN
presentation and discussion. The forum is produced under the umbrella of the
Swiss government and is operated similarly to the World Economic Forum
Davos, an event held in January every year for top international leaders and
CEOs of very large companies.

(c) 2001 EDEN Bioscience Corporation. Always read and follow label
instructions before buying or using this product. Messenger(R), and EDEN(R),
and EDEN Bioscience(R) are registered trademarks of EDEN Bioscience Corp.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT: Certain statements contained in this press release are
"forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities
Litigation Reform Act of 1995. In some cases, you can identify
forward-looking statements by terminology such as "may," "will," "should,"
"expect," "plan," "intend," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "predict,"
"potential" or "continue," the negative of these terms or other terminology.
Forward-looking statements are based on the opinions and estimates of
management at the time the statements are made and are subject to certain
risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially
from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could
affect EDEN's actual results include, among others, inability to transition
from a company with a research focus to a company capable of supporting
commercial activities; dependence on a single product, the development and
commercialization of which may not be successful; a lack of market
acceptance by growers; inability to produce a high quality product as
manufacturing capacity is increased; inability to obtain regulatory
approvals; and inability to develop adequate sales and marketing
capabilities. More information about factors that potentially could affect
EDEN's financial results is included in EDEN's most recent quarterly report
on Form 10Q. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance upon these
forward-looking statement that speak only as to the date of this release.
EDEN undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements.


CONTACT:          EDEN Bioscience
                  Janis Jones, 425/984-2133
                  jonesj@...

www.edenbio.com

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KEYWORD: afxeu WASHINGTON SWITZERLAND INTERNATIONAL EUROPE
INDUSTRY KEYWORD: BIOTECHNOLOGY
ENVIRONMENT
FOODS/BEVERAGES
GOVERNMENT
PRODUCT

Copyright © 2001, Business Wire, all rights reserved



-------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------
9) Ministro Aleman: En Japon yace un avance para el protocolo de Kioto.
(Breakthrough for Kyoto Pact Lies in Japan: German Minister)

Story Filed: Monday, July 02, 2001 4:31 PM EST

BERLIN, Jul 2, 2001 (Xinhua via COMTEX) -- German Environment Minister
Juergen Trittin said on Monday that Japan's attitude at the coming world
climate conference would be crucial for a breakthrough for the Kyoto Pact.

Two weeks before the world climate conference to be held in Bonn, Germany,
the minister called on relevant countries to work for a breakthrough at the
conference.

During a meeting with visiting South African Environment Minister Valli
Moosa, Trittin warned that the situation on environmental protection is in
crisis after the United States announced its withdrawal from the 1997 Kyoto
Pact.

The success of the Bonn conference will depend on Japan's agreement on the
pact, the minister pointed out. But it is still unclear what Japan will act
at the conference.

The developing countries are important allies of the European Union in
securing the success of the pact, the German minister added.

Moosa said that it would be unacceptable that no achievements would be made
at the Bonn conference.

According to the Kyoto Pact, developed countries should reduce their
emissions of greenhouse gases by 5 percent by 2012 compared with the level
in 1990. It can also be ratified without the United States.

The Bush administration rejected the pact in March, saying it could harm
U.S. economy and was unfair as it did not impose emissions targets on
developing countries.

Copyright 2001 XINHUA NEWS AGENCY
Copyright © 2001, Xinhua News Agency, all rights reserved.



--------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------
10) Gobernador de Alaska firma una orden de regulacion de barcos.
(Alaska Governor Signs Cruise Ship Regulation Bill)

Story Filed: Friday, June 29, 2001 10:28 PM EST

JUNEAU, Alaska (Reuters) - Gov. Tony Knowles on Friday signed a bill that
makes Alaska the first state to regulate water pollution from cruise ships.

``For the first time we'll know what the huge and growing cruise ship
industry is putting into our air and water, and we'll be able to hold its
vessels accountable if they pollute,'' the governor said in a ceremony at
Juneau harbor.

He said the bill, which he championed, had strong public backing. ``Don't
ever doubt it. Alaskans take environmental protection as seriously as they
take salmon fishing and tourism.''

The bill, which affects ships capable of carrying 50 or more overnight
passengers, sets up a monitoring and sampling program for water and air
emissions and solid waste.

It targets treated sewage and ``graywater,'' or runoff from sinks, showers,
kitchens, laundries and other non-sewage sources.

It establishes standards for allowable discharges in state waters and it
sets up a $1-per-passenger fee to fund enforcement by the state Department
of Environmental Conservation.

The law goes into effect on Sunday. However, it will take at least a summer
of monitoring and sampling to develop some of the regulations limiting
wastewater emissions, officials from the Department of Environmental
Conservation said.

More than 680,000 cruise ship passengers are expected to come through
Alaska's Inside Passage this summer, according to the Juneau Convention and
Visitors Bureau.

The executive director of the Vancouver-based North West Cruise Ship
Association, which represents the nine major cruise companies doing business
in Alaska, said the industry supported the bill.

``This legislation culminates almost two years of voluntary initiatives and
cooperative relationships with legislators and administration officials,
state and federal regulators, environmentalists and the communities we call
on,'' the association's executive director, John Hansen, said in a prepared
statement.

Copyright © 2001 Reuters Limited. All rights reserved. Republication or
redistribution of Reuters content, including by framing or similar means, is
expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Reuters. Reuters
and the dotted and sphere logos are house marks of Reuters Limited. Reuters
is a registered trade mark in more than 25 countries worldwide.



--------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------
11) El calentamiento global puede amenazar a los "fosiles vivientes"
(Global Warming May Threaten 'Living Fossils')

Story Filed: Sunday, July 01, 2001 10:08 PM EST

SODWANA BAY, South Africa (Reuters) - They've outlived the dinosaurs and a
whole lot more, but global warming may yet kill off the coelacanth.

Scientists fear the coelacanth -- a ``living fossil'' fish that has been
swimming the seas for an astonishing 400 million years -- will be threatened
if changes in ocean temperatures lead to the destruction of life-nurturing
coral reef systems.

``The coelacanths are vulnerable and global warming could affect them
adversely,'' Horst Kleinschmidt, deputy director general of South Africa's
department of environmental affairs and tourism, told Reuters.

``They are only found at certain depths, so they are no doubt susceptible to
changes in the water temperature,'' he said.

Rising sea temperatures associated with global warming -- which scientists
have linked to the use of carbon-based fossil fuels -- have been cited as
one of the leading causes behind the destruction of about a quarter of the
world's coral reefs.

Other factors contributing to the decline of the ``ocean's forests'' include
pollution, over-fishing and dynamiting.

A 1,000 page U.N. report earlier this year warned that coral reefs in most
regions could be wiped out in 30 to 50 years if sea temperatures reach such
a point that the bleaching of the reefs becomes an annual event.

Coral is a soft living organism -- a combination of single-plant cells and
animal tissues -- which secretes a hard skeleton of calcium carbonate.

One theory holds that the increase in sea temperature obstructs the
production of natural sun screen chemicals which then makes the corals more
sensitive to light.

This leads the animal tissues to expel the single-plant cells which give
pigment to the coral. The coral then turns white or bleaches and also
starves because the plant cells provide it with its main source of food.

Among the reefs under threat are the stunning coral systems off Sodwana Bay
on South Africa's Indian Ocean coast.

Sodwana's reefs are a scuba diver's delight, teeming with schools of
brightly colored tropical fish amid stunning coral formations that rise up
from the ocean floor.

Magnificent sting rays glide silently past while sinister-looking moray eels
wait patiently in crevices for prey.

Further out and at depths below 100 meters (330 feet) lies Sodwana's
coelacanth colony, discovered by chance by a group of divers last October.

COELACANTH ONCE BELIEVED EXTINCT

The coelacanth was believed to have been extinct for 70 million years until
one was caught by a trawler off South Africa in 1938 and identified by a
museum curator.

That catch stunned the scientific world and is widely regarded as the
zoological discovery of the 20th century.

Subsequently found near the Comoro Islands off Africa's east coast, and more
recently off Indonesia, no live specimens were ever found or seen off South
Africa until last year's sightings.

But if the reefs of Sodwana suffer from global warming, the coelacanth may
be one of many species to pay the price.

``Most of the food that does come into the coelacanth's environment is
derived from the shallow water coral reef community which is above the
coelacanth's habitat,'' said Dr. Phillip Heemstra, a marine biologist at the
J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology in Grahamstown, South Africa.

``If the rise in sea water temperature kills the coral it could decimate the
coelacanth population,'' he said.

Changes in water temperature could also force the fish down to even greater
depths.

All of the sightings of the fish from submersible craft or by scuba divers
have been below 100 meters (330 feet).

``It would probably want to go deeper where the water is cooler because it's
adapted for a specific temperature regime,'' said Heemstra.

``But the deeper it goes the less food it's going to find.''

The coelacanth, which can attain lengths of two meters (six feet six inches)
or more, is also a slow reproducer, adding to its vulnerability. Scientists
believe it doesn't reach sexual maturity until it is between 13 and 20 years
old.

It gives live birth with litters known to number as high as 26 -- very few
compared to the hundreds or even thousands of eggs spawned by many other
fish species.

WORLD HAS CHANGED, COELACANTH HAS NOT

Life on the planet has undergone dramatic change since the coelacanth first
appeared on the scene.

The only life forms found on the Earth's barren wastes of dry land 400
million years ago were invertebrates such as spiders, mites, scorpions and
centipedes. Fish were the only animals with backbones.

Four-legged, amphibian-like animals eventually ventured from the water onto
dry land.

Creatures that laid eggs on dry land appeared later and evolved into the
ancestors of all subsequent birds, mammals and reptiles.

The reptiles reached their zenith in the age of the dinosaurs, which ended
abruptly 65 million years ago, possibly as a result of a global catastrophe
unleashed by a collision between the Earth and a massive meteorite.

But the coelacanth, quietly nestled in its underwater caves and canyons,
lived through it all and changed little.

It still retains its fan-like tail and additional, limb-like fins, which
have earned it the nick-name ``Old Four Legs.''

It remains to be seen if this astonishingly resilient survivor from the
distant past can adapt to the challenge of rising sea temperatures.

If it can't, it will follow the dinosaurs and countless other species down
the path of extinction.

Copyright © 2001 Reuters Limited. All rights reserved. Republication or
redistribution of Reuters content, including by framing or similar means, is
expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Reuters. Reuters
and the dotted and sphere logos are house marks of Reuters Limited. Reuters
is a registered trade mark in more than 25 countries worldwide.




---------------------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------------------
12) Jefe de la Agencia de Proteccion Ambiental de EE.UU. busca
conversaciones acerca del calentamiento en NAFTA
(EPA Chief Seeks NAFTA Warming Talks)

Story Filed: Friday, June 29, 2001 7:00 PM EDT

MEXICO CITY (AP) -- EPA Administrator Christie Whitman proposed holding
talks with Mexico and Canada on greenhouse gas emissions, following
criticism of U.S. rejection of the Kyoto accords on the same issue.

Her comments came at the end of a meeting Friday in Guadalajara of top
environmental officials from the three North American Free Trade Agreement
countries.

Speaking in a telephone news conference, she said the three countries will
``look at what kind of market-based approaches we can undertake to address
the greenhouse gas issue.''

NAFTA's Environmental Cooperation Commission ``is a very good body to
undertake that,'' Whitman said. The Kyoto accords were global in scope.

The talks may involve a U.S.-backed idea to give companies credits for
reducing emissions or making environmental improvements at one site. The
credits could be transferred or sold to cover emissions elsewhere.

President Bush's decision to withdraw from the Kyoto accords on global
warming drew protests in Mexico and throughout the world. U.S. officials
argued the agreement failed to limit emissions in developing nations and
would encourage polluting industries to move there.

Whitman dealt with another sensitive issue, a decision requiring Mexico to
release nearly 200 billion gallons of water into the Rio Grande basin.
Governors in northern Mexico say they can ill afford to repay water when
their region is suffering from a prolonged drought.

Mexico fell behind on its commitments under a U.S.-Mexico treaty to let
water flow into the overused river, instead using it for agriculture.

While refusing to commit to renegotiating the repayment schedule, Whitman
said the United States will ``be as understanding as we can of the obstacles
for repayment, and to ensure the repayments meet with the needs of the
debtor.''

On other matters, Mexico's Environment Secretary Victor Lichtinger said he
will ask his nation's congress to require companies to report publicly on
their emissions of air, water and ground pollutants.

All three NAFTA countries pledged to make such records public, but Mexico is
the last to do so. Lichtinger said the proposal will be sent to congress in
September, and could be in place by 2002.

Because reporting has been neither mandatory nor public, there is little
solid information on the quantity or kind of pollutants generated in Mexico.

The environment officials, including Canada's Karen Redman, said that they
would study demands that NAFTA strengthen its environmental complaint
process, which has been criticized as toothless.

NAFTA rules allow anyone to file a complaint if a member government fails to
enforce environmental standards, but it may take years for the commission to
issue a ``factual record'' -- which contains no recommendations, and no
sanctions.

Of the 31 citizen complaints filed in the last seven years, only two have
made it to the report stage and member governments can decide to keep those
reports secret.

``If they write a report (on violations) and it only comes out three years
later, then what good does it do?'' asked Gustavo Alanis, a member of the
commission's joint public advisory committee.

Proposals before the commission would make the complaint process speedier
and more public and require governments to report on what they are doing to
correct problems.

CEC Director Janine Ferretti defended the commission's lack of enforcement
powers, saying the public attention it draws to violations is a deterrent.
``Sunshine is a wonderful disinfectant,'' Ferretti said.

Copyright © 2001 Associated Press Information Services, all rights reserved




-----------------------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------------------
13) CHINA: Los carros equipados con carburadores seran prohibidos.
(Carburetor-equipped Autos to Be Banned)

Story Filed: Monday, July 02, 2001 9:57 AM EST

CHINA, Jul 02, 2001 (AsiaPort via COMTEX) -- Four ministries of China
jointly issued a circular to ban the production and sale of 187 models of
carburetor-equipped cars and mini-vans in a bid to control emissions and
protect the environment.

The 187 models fail to meet national emission standards, which is in
accordance with the Europe 1 emission standard.

Production of the carburetor-equipped cars and mini-vans must stop and
newly-produced vehicles must abide by national emission standards, according
to the circular, which was released by the State Environmental Protection
Administration, the State Economic and Trade Commission, the Ministry of
Public Security and the State Administration for Industry and Commerce.

The ban on the sale of these vehicles will start on September 1 and they
will no longer be given registration, the circular said.

The State Environmental Protection Administration will co-operate with other
relevant departments to help enforce the ban and enterprises that still
produce and sell the vehicles will be punished.

Departments in charge will also take measures to closely watch the emissions
of imported carburetor-equipped cars.

Bans on other types of vehicles that do not meet national emission standards
will be gradually phased in, according to Zhou Yangsheng with the pollution
control department of the State Environmental Protection Administration.

The country decided in 1998 that from January 1 of last year, all sedan
manufacturers should stop producing carburetor-equipped cars and turn to the
production of cars with electric fuel-injection devices and catalytic
converters which purify emissions.

Cars with these devices emit 70 to 80 per cent less pollutants than those
with carburetors, according to Zhou.

However, at the end of last year, there were still nearly 100,000 cars that
were not equipped with electric fuel-injection devices and catalytic
converters.

From China Auto News, Page 6, Thursday, June 28, 2001
 info@...
Copyright (C) 2001 Alestron, All rights reserved


KEYWORD:           CHINA
INDUSTRY KEYWORD: Marketing
                   Investment
SUBJECT CODE:     Electronics

Copyright © 2001, Asiaport Daily News, all rights reserved.




----------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------
14) ATLANTA, EE.UU.: Negociios y ambientalistas unidos para explorar nuevas
soluciones para incrementar el reciclaje.
(Businesses and Environmentalists Unite to Explore New Solutions to Increase
Recycling)

Story Filed: Monday, July 02, 2001 4:18 PM EST

ATLANTA, Jul 2, 2001 (BUSINESS WIRE) -- Businesses and Environmentalists
Allied for Recycling (BEAR), a project of Global Green USA, has launched a
new initiative uniting beverage and recycling companies, environmental
organizations and government agencies to tackle a major challenge -- turning
the growing number of wasted beverage containers into a valuable raw
material resource.

The Multi-Stakeholder Recovery Project (MSRP) is the first known effort to
comprehensively evaluate recycling opportunities throughout the beverage
container value chain, based on the principles of systems thinking.

The project's diverse participants assembled on June 28 and 29 in Atlanta to
formally begin discussions. BEAR's members include Beaulieu of America,
Tomra North America, EvCo Research LLC, the Natural Resources Defense
Council, the Grassroots Recycling Network and the Container Recycling
Institute.

In addition to BEAR's members, partners in the MSRP include: Waste
Management Inc., Southeastern Container Inc., the Minnesota Office of
Environmental Assistance and The Coca-Cola Company.

Although these groups often disagree, they all acknowledge the number of
beverage containers annually recycled has slowed and the recycling rate is
declining. Some business participants view the project as vital to
safeguarding their investments in recycling.

"Increased recycling is critical to our company's growth," said Clint
Hubbard, chief administrative officer of Beaulieu of America, echoing a
common sentiment in the plastics recycling industry. (Beaulieu is a major
carpet manufacturer that uses recycled plastic bottles as raw material.)

The MSRP is distinguished from other efforts addressing beverage container
recycling by: its dedication to involving all stakeholders; emphasis on an
objective, frank analysis of costs, business opportunities and environmental
benefits throughout the recycling system; and its insistence on suspending
long-held biases while exploring all potential solutions.

"We hope to secure wide support for new recycling strategies that move
towards eliminating waste," said Bill Sheehan, executive director of the
Grassroots Recycling Network.

Conceptually, the MSRP strategy is based on the belief that understanding
the whole system is the best way to address any dysfunction within a system,
a model well known, whether in biology or engineering.

"In the case of recycling, we observed that every player was keenly aware of
their own costs and needs, but that there was a need for a system-wide
analysis involving all key stakeholders," said Pierre Ferrari, BEAR's Chair.

To provide an objective, quantitative analysis of costs, BEAR has retained a
research consulting team comprising R.W. Beck Inc., Franklin Associates
Ltd., the Tellus Institute and Sound Resource Management Group.

The first stage of the Multi-Stakeholder Recovery Project -- managed by
Edward Boisson of Boisson & Associates -- is expected to be completed in
Fall 2001. By that time, project participants hope to agree on a set of
promising solutions.

"Then the hard work of building support and preparing to implement the
solutions begins," said Matt Petersen, executive director of Global Green
USA. "By fostering a value shift that reinvigorates recycling rates, we hope
to create substantial environmental benefits and business opportunities."

Businesses and Environmentalists Allied for Recycling, a project of Global
Green USA, is a coalition dedicated to increasing the national recycling
rate for used beverage containers to 80%. Its members are united by
agreement on principles including: minimizing environmental impacts while
improving all packaging, creating sustainable jobs and businesses, and
working with clarity and honesty to understand costs and evaluate the widest
range of policies and practices to achieve its goal.

Global Green USA -- created in 1994 as an affiliate of Mikhail Gorbachev's
Green Cross International -- works in cooperation with individuals,
industry, and government to foster a global value shift toward a sustainable
and secure future. More information on BEAR and the MSRP can be found at
www.globalgreen.org/bear/.


CONTACT:          Global Green USA
                  Leslie Earle, 404/255-5666
                  learle@...

URL:
http://www.businesswire.com
Today's News On The Net - Business Wire's full file on the Internet with
Hyperlinks to your home page.

Copyright (C) 2001 Business Wire. All rights reserved.
KEYWORD: GEORGIA MINNESOTA
INDUSTRY KEYWORD: CHEMICALS/PLASTICS
ENVIRONMENT
GOVERNMENT
FOODS/BEVERAGES

Copyright © 2001, Business Wire, all rights reserved.




------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------
15) Mejico pelea para salvar los bosques
(Mexico Fights to Save Forests)

Story Filed: Friday, June 29, 2001 3:56 PM EDT

MEXICO CITY (AP) -- In scenes reminiscent of the war on drugs, hundreds of
police in flak jackets and helmets are raiding the mountains to defend
Mexico's rapidly disappearing forests.

As in the battle against drugs, casualties are beginning to mount and new
President Vicente Fox faces a legacy of corruption and tolerance of an
activity that threatens to tear Mexico apart.

Police have found camps of heavily armed loggers who are willing to riddle
forestry vehicles with bullets, shoot officials and mow down environmental
activists.

In a bid to slow the steady stream of trucks carting away the old-growth
pine and cedar from Mexico's mountains, three months ago the president
declared deforestation a ``national security issue.''

By April, in conjunction with local authorities, his administration ordered
large-scale raids against illegal logging in several states. But the loggers
have proved they'll fight back.

They struck on May 4, high in the fir and pine mountains of the Pacific
coast state of Oaxaca. Two men walked into a bar in the town of Putla, took
out pistols and shot to death Fidel Bautista Guerrero, a 33-year-old Mixtec
Indian.

``Fidel had organized Indian farmers to conserve the forests, to harvest
them more moderately, and to share the profits,'' said Vidal Ramirez, Oaxaca
state spokesman for Bautista's leftist Democratic Revolution Party.

``The gunmen followed him, and when they found him, they didn't say a word.
They just opened fire,'' Ramirez said.

State police pursued the killers to the ranch of timber baron Efrain Cruz
Bruno, where they arrested eight men armed with AK-47s and other rifles.
Cruz Bruno remains a fugitive.

``According to our investigation, Cruz Bruno ordered the killing because he
felt Bautista was interfering with his business,'' said Eric Ares Velazquez,
spokesman for Oaxaca prosecutors.

``Often, the businessmen who buy illegal timber are also involved in other
activities and they are often accompanied by armed gangs,'' Ares Valazquez
said.

Some of the violence is caused by drug traffickers who are willing to kill
to protect crops hidden in forests on public land, or who cut trees to grow
drug crops.

Communal farm groups, often Indians, control 80 percent of Mexico's wooded
areas and they frequently suffer tree poaching from neighboring communities
or local political bosses.

It all contributes to an atmosphere of lawlessness that has shrunk Mexico's
forests to a quarter of the size they were before the Spanish came. Mexico
has one of the highest deforestation rates in the world, losing about 1.5
percent of its forests and jungles -- about 1.7 million acres every year.

On June 18, Juan Marcelo Osegura was wounded when loggers sprayed his truck
with automatic weapons fire as he was working with federal forest inspectors
in Atoyac, near the Pacific coast.

A week later, loggers fleeing police sent a pine tree crashing onto a
highway in the western state of Michoacan, killing a 42-year-old motorist.

In raid after raid this year, police have seized not only chain saws, timber
and heavy trucks from loggers, but also dozens of assault rifles.

In April, about 1,000 police in more than 100 vehicles and helicopters
fanned out across Mexico state to round up loggers who for years have been
chopping down the forests surrounding Mexico City.

The raid netted 85 people, rifles and shotguns. One logger working a chain
saw was found with a 9mm machine-pistol strapped to his shoulder.

Federal forest agents ``can face anything in the forests, from drug
traffickers who plant their crops there, to farmers who resist controls,''
said Antonio Azuela, the former chief federal environmental prosecutor.

``The use of force always has to be there as an option,'' said Azuela, who
said one of his agents was killed by angry farmers. ``But it has to be
combined with other programs ... such as alternative crops or forestry
methods.''

To that end, Fox created the National Forestry Commission in April.
Commission President Alberto Cardenas said illegal logging is a
billion-dollar-per-year industry. ``We want to put an end to the chain of
corruption that allows them to do this,'' Cardenas said.

``We have the carrot, the police have the stick,'' said Cardenas, who wants
to promote commercial tree-farms as an alternative to cutting down
old-growth forests, some of the most diverse in the world.

Until recent decades, the government encouraged clear-cutting of forests in
many areas for grazing land.

In other regions, all cutting was banned, so that even carefully controlled
use of the forests essential to many impoverished communities became
illegal. That actually increased deforestation in many cases.

Environment Secretary Victor Lichtinger has temporarily canceled all new
logging permits nationwide to create a more enforceable system.

Until now, the government has proved incapable of stopping illegal timber
operations even in the mountain sanctuary of the Monarch butterflies -- a
nature reserve with U.S. and Canadian aid.

Two years ago, soldiers allegedly allied with timber interests shot to death
a farmer during a raid to arrest two local environmental activists, Rodolfo
Montiel and Teodoro Cabrera.

Montiel and Cabrera remain in prison while they appeal sentences for what
international human rights groups have called trumped-up charges of arms and
drug possession.



Copyright © 2001 Associated Press Information Services, all rights reserved.









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