Subject: Video: Stone Of The Sun-Cuahxicalli-Fifth Sun
The Stone of the Sun is one of the oldest monoliths that are conserved
of the Mexica-Aztec culture, whose carving was dated around year 1479.
In the Greater Temple of Mexico-Tenochtitlan, probably it occupied
an outstanding place on one of the temples called Quauhxicalco.
was demolished or buried after the Conquest of the Aztecs by the
Spaniards and thus remained until it was founded in the Zocalo,
Mexico City Great Square , the 17th of December of 1790.
was placed to a flank of the Metropolitan Cathedral. At the end of the
XIX century it was moved to the Archaeological Museum and in 1964 it
was transferred to the National Museum of Anthropology and History.
Aztecs adapted their Five Creations stories (called the "Five Suns")
from Maya and other accounts. Our knowledge of the Aztec myths is much
more complete than that of their antecedents. If we proceed with
caution, keeping in mind that they changed things at will, it will be
instructive to examine the Aztec Creation cycle as a reflection of the
older Maya tradition.
Though various versions of the Aztec
Creation myth existed, the canonical story is laid out in the central
section of the famous Aztec "Calendar Stone,"also known as Sun Stone and
Altar of Axayacatl. The symbolism seen there corresponds to the most
coherent Aztec account of the five Creations, called "the Five Suns" in
the Leyenda de los Soles. The Aztecs called each Creation a "Sun"
the Aztecs adopted and combined several traditions with their own
earlier traditions, they had several creation myths; one of these, the
Five Suns describes four great ages preceding the present world, each of
which ended in a catastrophe.
Our age -- Nahui-Ollin, the fifth
age, or fifth creation -- escaped destruction due to the sacrifice of a
god (Nanahuatl, "full of sores," the smallest and humblest of the gods)
who was transformed into the Sun. This myth is associated with the
ancient city of Teotihuacan, which was abandoned but still extant when
the Aztecs arrived.
A cuauhxicalli or quauhxicalli (Nahuatl pronunciation:Â [kÊ·aËÊÊiËkalËi], meaning "Eagle gourd bowl")
was an altar-like stone vessel used by the Aztecs to contain human hearts extracted in sacrificial ceremonies.
A cuahxicalli would often be decorated with animal motifs, commonly eagles or jaguars.
Jose Pablo Moncayohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fi9VJRYQmOk