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Asunto:Re: [TA] ¿cuánto gana un arqueólogo?
Fecha:Lunes, 24 de Mayo, 2004  18:05:08 (MET)
Autor:alicia.canto <alicia.canto>

Muy curioso el documento que nos pasa Alberto, aunque sea de 1999. Para 
comodidad del lector, me he permitido reproducir otra vez el artículo, pero 
reconvirtiendo todas las cifras que venían en libras esterlinas a pesetas (lo 
siento, pero esto del euro ya me ha pillado mayor y para lo único que uso esta 
moneda es para pagar, y a la fuerza), cuya cifra va entre corchetes. Hay que 
tener en cuenta que el cambio actual es a 248 Pts/Libra (0,60 €/Libra), siendo 
esto aproximadamente un 18% menos de lo que era en 1999, y que los sueldos que 
se indican son también los de 1999; posiblemente ahora sean más altos.

> Por si hay algún estudiante que todavía esté a tiempo
> de ser una persona respetable y estudiar
> empresariales. Como dijo Gandalf, "corred insensatos"
> ;)
How much do archaeologists earn?
[¿Cuánto ganan los arqueólogos?]

This survey was published in Current Archaeology 166 (December 1999) 

A new estimate has just been provided in a survey of archaeological jobs in the 
UK entitled Profiling the Profession funded by English Heritage and published 
jointly by them, the Council for British Archaeology and the Institute of Field 
Archaeologists: it is available for download on the web at

The first question is: how many professional archaeologists are there? Or 
rather, how many people are there employed by organisations in the UK that 
employ professional archaeologists (the survey was of organisations, not 
individuals)? The result is 4425 professional archaeologists. The returned 
questionnaires, in fact, only contain information about 2829 people, but the 
figures were then grossed up, to allow for organisations that failed to 
respond. And how much are they paid? The average is £17,079 [Pts. 4.236.294], 
as compared to the national average of £19,167 [4.753.416]. The median figure 
is even worse -only £15,905 [3.944.440]- archaeologists are badly paid. 

There are some obvious problems. The quoted averages are probably too high 
since the lump of temporary workers is probably not included; similarly only 5% 
are part-time workers - surely too low. A quick adjustment of the figures in 
the English Heritage annual report suggests that perhaps a third of their 
workers are part time. 

Your pay however depends on where you work. The majority of archaeologists are 
employed in the private sector as contractors, 30%, or consultants, only 3% 
(¿an underestimate?). Then three further categories employ around 15% each: the 
curators in local government, academic archaeologists, and those working in the 
National Heritage Agencies, including the Royal Commissions. 4% are employed by 
National Museums but only another 4% by local authorities, presumably in 
Museums, again surely an underestimate.

The two places to work however are Universities, and English Heritage and its 
brethren. The average salary for an academic in permanent employment is £25,310 
[6.276.880]; next come the National Heritage agencies on £23,081 [5.724.088] 
and the National Museums on £22,570 [5.597.360]. We then come down with a bump: 
curators average £17,000 [4.216.000], contractors £16,600 [4.116.800], and 
consultants only £14,500 [3.596.000]. (These figures are for permanent posts - 
temporary staff are considerably lower). The average age of an archaeologist is 
36, 40% of the total being between 30-39. It appears that 35% are female, but 
whilst women comprise 42% of all archaeologists between 20-29, by the time the 
40-49 age bracket is reached, women are only 29% of the total. 

Nearly half the book is taken up with ‘Post Profiles’, and it is these that 
most archaeologists will study most keenly. Archaeologists describe themselves 
in a myriad of different ways: 455 separate post titles were recorded -nearly 
one title for every 5 Archaeologists- but these were boiled down into 34 ‘Post 
Profiles’. We immediately turned to the profile of ‘editor’ of whom there are 
26, ¾ of them female: the average salary is £17,764 [4.405.472], though one 
editor in the Eastern region, earned £28,000 [6.944.000] bumping the average 
up. The highest paid British archaeologist is an ‘Inspector’ who earned £58,086 
[14.405.328], though there was an academic who earned £50,809 [12.600.632]. (By 
comparison the Chief Executive of English Heritage earned £100,000 
[24.800.000], made up of £87,000 [21.576.000] basic and £13,000 [3.224.000] 
performance bonus).

The heart of the PPG 16 system are the project managers, the post to which 
every ambitious archaeologist should aspire. They are the ones who have the 
delightful job of negotiating with planning officers on behalf of developers; 
they are 79% male and earn on average £19,434 [4.819.632]. At the other 
extreme, the finds assistants, who really do the important (and often actually 
archaeological) work, are 73% female  and earn on average £14,996 [3,719.008]. 
Directors (75% male) earn £22,629 [5.611.992], conservators, (often highly 
qualified, 68% female), average £16,379, computing officers (64% male) average 
£15,918 [3.947.664], though considering that computing officers are like gold 
in today’s society, it is not perhaps surprising that at this salary, there are 
only 12 of them in archaeology. 

It is interesting to compare this with a similar American survey: The American 
Archaeologist which we summarised in CA159. The two are not strictly comparable 
in that the American profile was simply based on a single American 
organisation, the Society for American Archaeology, which has around 5000 
members of whom a similar number, nearly 1700 completed a census in 1994; 
however one cannot tell what proportion of American archaeologists are 
represented as a whole. The British data is much easier to handle in that it is 
quoted in tables and hard figures and firm averages, whereas the American data 
is mostly quoted in graphs and is very woolly. 

However the Americans asked some additional questions notably on educational 
levels, on job satisfaction and fascinatingly, though perhaps irrelevantly, on 
marital status. American archaeologists are inevitably rather better paid: no 
overall average is quoted; perhaps the most tangible figure is that 61% of male 
archaeologists earn over $40,000(= £25,000) [=Pts. 6.200.000]. The interesting 
difference is that, whereas in Britain academic archaeologists are well ahead 
of the contractors, in America, what they call ‘private sector’ archaeologists 
have salaries that are at least equal to, and in places edging ahead of, 
academic archaeologists and are also well ahead in job satisfaction. Will 
British contractors now begin to catch up with their academic counterparts? 

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