|Asunto:|| Sobre el nombre Sardinia = Cerdeña|
|Fecha:||Jueves, 17 de Octubre, 2002 17:07:50 (+0200)|
|Autor:||David Sanchez <davius_sanctex @.....es>
[Moeller escribía] I have tried to find out when appeared the word
"Sardinia" in the written sources for first time but I could not find
anything. Is there a known ethymology of it?
[Piotr Gasiorowski] It's first attested on a Phoenician stele from the 9th
c. BC (<s^rdn>). The autochthonous population at that time were the Sards
(Gk. Sardoi, Lat. Sardi), believed to be the creators of the Nuraghic
culture (named for the characteristic massive towers in the form of a
truncated cone, called the nuraghi/nuraxi). The Nuraghic culture began about
1600 BC, and it has been suggested that the Sards were one of the Sea
Peoples (the <s^rdn.w> "Shardana" of the Egyptian sources), but too little
is known of their language to classify it anywhere. The Greeks called the
island Sardo (<sardo:>, treated either as an -oi- stem, gen.
<sardoos, -ous>, dat. <sardoi>, or a nasal stem <sardon->). The Romans
called it Sardinia, of course. They seized it in 238 BC and made it a Roman
province, eventually extinguishing Sard resistance and driving the pre-Roman
Sard language (which had survived the Carthaginian occupation of the island)
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